Prevalence and Predictors of Cable Extrusion and Loss of Electrical Integrity with the Riata Defibrillator Lead

Authors


  • Dr. Goldberger reports grant and educational program support from Boston Scientific, Medtronic, and St. Jude Medical.

  • Dr. M. Kim is a consultant and on the advisory board of Medtronic.

  • Dr. Lin reports research support from St. Jude Medical and Medtronic; he is a consultant and on the advisory board of Medtronic.

  • Dr. Passman reports research support from Medtronic, where he is a consultant and on the speaker's bureau.

  • Dr. Lee is a consultant for Spectranetics.

  • Dr. S. Kim is on the advisory board of St. Jude Medical and has lectured for Medtronic.

  • Other authors: No disclosures.

Susan S. Kim, M.D., Director, Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Clinic, Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. St. Clair, Suite 600, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Fax: +312-926-6295; E-mail: skim1@nmff.org

Abstract

Prevalence and Predictors of Riata Cable Extrusion. Introduction: Recently, a medical advisory was issued regarding the Riata and Riata ST silicone endocardial defibrillator leads (St. Jude Medical, Sylmar, CA, USA) addressing the issue of conductor cables extruding in an “inside-out” fashion from the main body of the lead. However, little data exist to guide our management of patients with these leads.

Methods and Results: A retrospective analysis was performed of 84 patients with a Riata lead who underwent cine-fluoroscopy and electrical evaluation as part of a screening program to assess for cable extrusion. All leads screened were dual-coil except for one single-coil lead. Of 84 patients, 23 patients (27.4%) had fluoroscopic evidence of cable extrusion. Multivariate analysis showed that the duration of time since lead implant and the presence of multiple right ventricular leads were significantly associated with cable extrusion. All 23 patients had normal electrical parameters on routine device interrogation. Fifteen of these 23 patients (65%) with extruded cables had high-voltage shocks within 12 months of lead screening; only one patient demonstrated postshock electrical abnormalities.

Conclusions: The prevalence of cable extrusion in dual-coil Riata leads is significantly higher at 27.4% than previously reported. The duration of time since implantation and the presence of multiple right ventricular leads are associated with cable extrusion. High-energy shocks did not reveal electrical abnormalities in most patients with cable extrusion. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 23, pp. 1207–1212, November 2012)

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