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Live/Real Time Three-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiographic Assessment of Left Ventricular Volumes, Ejection Fraction, and Mass Compared with Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Address for correspondence and reprint requests: Navin C. Nanda, M.D., University of Alabama at Birmingham, Heart Station SW/S102, 19th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35249. E-mail:


Due to reliance upon geometric assumptions and foreshortening issues, the traditionally utilized transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography (2DTTE) has shown limitations in assessing left ventricular (LV) volume, mass, and function. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has shown potential in accurately defining these LV characteristics. Recently, the emergence of live/real time three-dimensional (3D) TTE has demonstrated incremental value over 2DTTE and comparable value with MRI in assessing LV parameters. Here we report 58 consecutive patients with diverse cardiac disorders and clinical characteristics, referred for clinical MRI studies, who were evaluated by cardiac MRI and 3DTTE. Our results show good correlation between the two modalities.