Assessment of Atrial Electromechanical Coupling Characteristics in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis
Article first published online: 27 APR 2009
© 2009, the Authors Journal compilation © 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 26, Issue 5, pages 549–557, May 2009
How to Cite
Acar, G., Sayarlioglu, M., Akcay, A., Sokmen, A., Sokmen, G., Altun, B., Nacar, A. B., Gunduz, M. and Tuncer, C. (2009), Assessment of Atrial Electromechanical Coupling Characteristics in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis. Echocardiography, 26: 549–557. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2008.00838.x
- Issue published online: 27 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 27 APR 2009
- atrial electromechanical coupling;
- Doppler tissue imaging
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate atrial conduction abnormalities obtained by Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and electrocardiogram analysis in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Methods: A total of 40 patients with AS (22 males /18 females, 37.82 ± 10.22 years), and 42 controls (22 males/20 females, 35.74 ± 9.98 years) were included. Systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) functions were measured by using conventional echocardiography and DTI. Interatrial and intraatrial electromechanical coupling (PA) intervals were measured with DTI. P-wave dispersion (PD) was calculated from the 12-lead electrocardiogram. Results: Atrial electromechanical coupling at the left lateral mitral annulus (PA lateral) was significantly delayed in AS patients (61.65 ± 7.81 vs 53.69 ± 6.75 ms, P < 0.0001). Interatrial (PA lateral – PA tricuspid), intraatrial electromechanical coupling intervals (PA septum – PA tricuspid), maximum P-wave (Pmax) duration, and PD were significantly longer in AS patients (23.50 ± 7.08 vs 14.76 ± 5.69 ms, P < 0.0001; 5.08 ± 5.24 vs 2.12 ± 2.09 ms, P = 0.001; 103.85 ± 6.10 vs 97.52 ± 6.79 ms, P < 0.0001; and 48.65 ± 6.17 vs 40.98 ± 5.37 ms, P < 0.0001, respectively). Reflecting LV diastolic function mitral A-wave and E/A, mitral E-wave deceleration time (DT), Am and Em/Am were significantly different between the groups (P < 0.05). We found a significant correlation between interatrial electromechanical coupling interval with PD (r = 0.536, P < 0.01). Interatrial electromechanical coupling interval was positively correlated with DT (r = 0.422, P < 0.01) and inversely correlated with E/A (r =−0.263, P < 0.05) and Em/Am (r =−0.263, P < 0.05). Conclusion: This study shows that atrial electromechanical coupling intervals and PD are delayed, and LV diastolic functions are impaired in AS patients.