Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony and Its Effects on Cardiac Function in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Hypertension

Authors


Abdulkadir Kiriş, M.D., Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey. Fax: +90 462 3775305; E-mail: akiris79@yahoo.com

Abstract

Objectives: Left ventricular (LV) systolic synchrony, defined as simultaneous peak contractions of corresponding cardiac segments, is well documented to be impaired in hypertension but its effect on LV function is not clear. The aim of this study was to assess the impacts of LV systolic dyssynchrony on LV function in newly diagnosed hypertensives. Methods: Forty-eight newly diagnosed hypertensive patients and 33 controls were enrolled. All study population underwent a comprehensive echocardiographic evaluation including tissue synchrony imaging. The time to regional peak systolic tissue velocity (Ts) in LV by 12 segmental models was measured and two parameters of systolic dyssynchrony were computed. Results: Baseline demographic characteristics were similar in both study groups. Dyssynchrony parameters prolonged in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients compared to controls: the standard deviation (SD) of 12 LV segments Ts (40.2 ± 21 vs. 26.2 ± 13.4, P = 0.003); the maximal difference in Ts between any 2 of 12 LV segments (123.3 ± 61.5 vs. 79.8 ± 37.9, P = 0.001). In multivariable analysis, Ts-SD-12 was found to be an independent predictor for systolic function (β=–0.29, P = 0.008). But, both diastolic and global functions were not independently related to Ts-SD-12. Conclusion: LV synchronization is impaired in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. LV dyssynchrony is one of the independent predictors of systolic function in hypertensive patients.

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