Previous versions of this paper were presented at the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, September 3, 2010, and at the IAD Symposium, University of Colorado Denver, School of Public Affairs, April 9, 2010. The authors thank their co-panelists at these meetings and three anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful feedback and suggestions.
The Role of Cross-Scale Institutional Linkages in Common Pool Resource Management: Assessing Interstate River Compacts*
Article first published online: 15 FEB 2011
© 2011 Policy Studies Organization
Policy Studies Journal
Volume 39, Issue 1, pages 121–145, February 2011
How to Cite
Heikkila, T., Schlager, E. and Davis, M. W. (2011), The Role of Cross-Scale Institutional Linkages in Common Pool Resource Management: Assessing Interstate River Compacts. Policy Studies Journal, 39: 121–145. doi: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.2010.00399.x
- Issue published online: 15 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 15 FEB 2011
- cross-scale institutional linkages;
- institutional analysis and development;
- common pool resource theory;
- interstate compacts;
- water resource management
This article extends the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework's seminal research on common pool resource (CPR) management in new directions by exploring how the design principles of robust and enduring CPR management, initially proposed by Elinor Ostrom in 1990, can be used to measure and assess cross-scale institutional linkages. This study examines data from 14 interstate river basin compacts in the western United States to identify the types of linkages established in these interstate settings, the factors that contribute to the emergence of diverse types of linkages around these shared resources, and how different types of linkages perform. Using Ostrom's CPR design principles to operationalize and measure linkages, the study shows that diverse types of cross-scale linkages were created under the 14 interstate compacts, with linkages related to monitoring found to be particularly prevalent. The types and diversity of linkages can largely be explained by the conditions under which compacts emerged and the water management issues states jointly face. In applying the evaluative criteria operationalized by the CPR design principles, this research further shows that the monitoring and collective choice linkages created by compacts tend to be of higher quality, while enforcement and conflict resolution linkages appeared to be of the lowest quality. In addition to developing the IAD literature on CPR management, these findings offer critical insights for assessing the capacity of interstate river basin compacts in the western United States to manage shared resources successfully, as well as insights for what types of institutional investments may be needed for enhanced resource governance.