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Keywords:

  • Akaike information criterion;
  • EM algorithm;
  • Missing covariates;
  • Model selection;
  • Takeuchi's information criterion

Summary Application of classical model selection methods such as Akaike's information criterion (AIC) becomes problematic when observations are missing. In this article we propose some variations on the AIC, which are applicable to missing covariate problems. The method is directly based on the expectation maximization (EM) algorithm and is readily available for EM-based estimation methods, without much additional computational efforts. The missing data AIC criteria are formally derived and shown to work in a simulation study and by application to data on diabetic retinopathy.