SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams LS, Phung S, Yee N, Seeram NP, Li L, Chen S. 2010. Blueberry phytochemicals inhibit growth and metastatic potential of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells through modulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway. Cancer Research 70(9):3594605.
  • Ahmet I, Spangler E, Shukitt-Hale B, Juhaszova M, Sollott SJ, Joseph JA, Ingram DK, Talan M. 2009. Blueberry-enriched diet protects rat heart from ischemic damage. PLoS One 4(5934):110.
  • Allen FM. 1927. Blueberry leaf extract: physiologic and clinical properties in relation to carbohydrate metabolism. J Am Medical Association 89(19):157781.
  • Anthony JP, Fyfe L, Stewart D, McDougall GJ, Smith HV. 2007. The effect of blueberry extracts on Giardia duodenalis viability and spontaneous excystation of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts, in vitro. Methods 42(4):33948.
  • Bae JY, Lim SS, Kim SJ, Choi JS, Park J, Ju SM, Han SJ, Kang IJ, Kang YH. 2009. Bog blueberry anthocyanins alleviate photoaging in ultraviolet B irradiation-induced human dermal fibroblasts. Mol Nutrition & Food Research 53(6):72638.
  • Bagchi D, Sen CK, Bagchi M, Atalay M. 2004. Anti-angiogenic, antioxidant, and anti-carcinogenic properties of a novel anthocyanin-rich berry extract formula. Biochemistry (Moscow) 69(1):7580.
  • Barnes JS, Nguyen HP, Shen S, Schug KA. 2009. General method for extraction of blueberry anthocyanins and identification using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization ion-trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry. J Chromatography A 1216(23):472835.
  • Basu A, Rhone M, Lyons TJ. 2010. Berries: emerging impact on cardiovascular health. Nutrition Rev 68(3):16877.
  • Benzie IFF, Strain JJ. 1996. The ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) as a measure of “antioxidant power”: the FRAP assay. Analytical Biochem 239(1):706.
  • Bomser J, Madhavi DL, Singletary K, Smith MAL. 1996. In vitro anticancer activity of fruit extracts from Vaccinium species. Planta Medica 62:2126.
  • Brambilla A, Lo Scalzo R, Bertolo G, Torreggiani D. 2008. Steam-blanched highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) juice: phenolic profile and antioxidant capacity in relation to cultivar selection. J Agric Food Chem 56(8):26438.
  • Bridle P, Timberlake CF. 1997. Anthocyanins as natural food colours: selected aspects. Food Chem 58(1–2):1039.
  • Buckow R, Kastell A, Terefe NS, Versteeg C. 2010. Pressure and temperature effects on degradation kinetics and storage stability of total anthocyanins in blueberry juice. J Agric Food Chem 58(18):1007684.
  • Burdulis D, Sarkinas A, Jasutiené I, Stackevicené E, Nikolajevas L, Janulis V. 2009. Comparative study of anthocyanin composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) fruits. Acta Poloniae Pharm 66(4):399408.
  • Castro L, Freeman BA. 2001. Reactive oxygen species in human health and disease. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) 17(2):1615.
  • Chakraborty M, Savarese M, Harbertson E, Harbertson J, Ringer KL. 2010. Effect of the novel radiant zone drying method on anthocyanins and phenolics of three blueberry liquids. J Agric Food Chem 58(1):32430.
  • Chandra A, Rana J, Li Y. 2001. Separation, identification, quantification, and method validation of anthocyanins in botanical supplement raw materials by HPLC and HPLC- MS. J Agric Food Chem 49(8):351521.
  • Chatterjee A, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ. 2004. Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori in vitro by various berry extracts, with enhanced susceptibility to clarithromycin. Mol Cell Biochem 265(1):1926.
  • Chen HC, Camire ME. 1997. Recovery of anthocyanins, pectin, and dietary fiber from cull lowbush blueberries. J Food Qual 20(3):199209.
  • Chen F, Sun Y, Zhao G, Liao X, Hu X, Wu J, Wang Z. 2007. Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of anthocyanins in red raspberries and identification of anthocyanins in extract using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Ultrasonics Sonochem 14(6):76778.
  • Cho MJ, Howard LR, Prior RL, Clark JR. 2004. Flavonoid glycosides and antioxidant capacity of various blackberry, blueberry and red grape genotypes determined by high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J Sci Food Agric 84(13):177182.
  • Clifford MN. 2000. Anthocyanins – nature, occurrence and dietary burden. J Sci Food Agric 80(7):106372.
  • Connor AM, Luby JJ, Tong CBS, Finn CE, Hancock JF. 2002a. Genotypic and environmental variation in antioxidant activity, total phenolic content, and anthocyanin content among blueberry cultivars. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 127(1):8997.
  • Connor AM, Luby JJ, Tong CBS, Finn CE, Hancock JF. 2002b. Variation and heritability estimates for antioxidant activity, total phenolic content, and anthocyanin content in blueberry progenies. J-Am Soc Hortic Sci 127(1):828.
  • Connor AM, Luby JJ, Hancock JF, Berkheimer S, Hanson EJ. 2002c. Changes in fruit antioxidant activity among blueberry cultivars during cold-temperature storage. J Agric Food Chem 50(4):8938.
  • Corrales M, Toepfl S, Butz P, Knorr D, Tauscher B. 2008. Extraction of anthocyanins from grape by-products assisted by ultrasonics, high hydrostatic pressure or pulsed electric fields: a comparison. Innovative Food Sci Emerging Technol 9(1):8591.
  • Debnath SC. 2009. Development of ISSR markers for genetic diversity studies in Vaccinium angustifolium. Nordic J Bot 27(2):1418.
  • DeFuria J, Bennett G, Strissel KJ, Perfield JW, Milbury PE, Greenberg AS, Obin MS. 2009. Dietary blueberry attenuates whole-body insulin resistance in high-fat-fed mice by reducing adipocyte death and its inflammatory sequelae. J Nutr 139(8):1510- 6.
  • Denev P, Ciz M, Ambrozova G, Lojek A, Yanakieva I, Kratchanova M. 2010. Solid-phase extraction of berries’ anthocyanins and evaluation of their antioxidative properties. Food Chem 123(4):105561.
  • Dogterom MH, Winston ML, Mukai A. 2000. Effect of pollen load size and source (self, outcross) on seed and fruit production in highbush blueberry cv.‘Bluecrop’(Vaccinium Corymbosum; Ericaceae). Am J Bot 87(11):158491.
  • Draper AD, Scott DH. 1971. Inheritance of albino seedling in tetraploid highbush blueberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 96:7912.
  • Dreiseitel A, Schreier P, Oehme A, Locher S, Rogler G, Piberger H, Hajak G, Sand PG. 2008. Inhibition of proteasome activity by anthocyanins and anthocyanidins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 372(1):5761.
  • Drummond F, Smagula J, Annis S, Yarborough D. 2009. Organic wild blueberry production. Bulletin 852 (Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station. Available from http://www.umaine.edu/mafes/elec%5Fpubs/bulletins/b852.pdf . Accessed Sept 12, 2010.
  • Dulebohn RV, Yi W, Srivastava A, Akoh CC, Krewer G, Fischer JG. 2008. Effects of blueberry (Vaccinium ashei) on DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, and phase II enzyme activities in rats. J Agric Food Chem 56(24):117006.
  • Eck P. 1988. Blueberry science. New Brunswick , N.J. : Rutgers University Press.
  • Ehlenfeldt MK, Prior RL. 2001. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and phenolic and anthocyanin concentrations in fruit and leaf tissues of highbush blueberry. J Agric Food Chem 49(5):22227.
  • Espin JC, Soler-Rivas C, Wichers HJ, Garcia-Viguera C. 2000. Anthocyanin-based natural colorants: a new source of antiradical activity for foodstuff. J Agric Food Chem 48(5):158892.
  • Faria A, Pestana D, Teixeira D, de Freitas V, Mateus N, Calhau C. 2010. Blueberry anthocyanins and pyruvic acid adducts: anticancer properties in breast cancer cell lines. Phytother Res 24(12):18629.
  • Floros JD, Liang H. 1994. Acoustically assisted diffusion through membranes and biomaterials. Food Technol 48(12):7984.
  • Galli RL, Bielinski DF, Szprengiel A, Shukitt-Hale B, Joseph JA. 2006. Blueberry-supplemented diet reverses age-related decline in hippocampal HSP70 neuroprotection. Neurobiol Aging 27(2):34450.
  • Gao L, Mazza G. 1994. Quantitation and distribution of simple and acylated anthocyanins and other phenolics in blueberries. J Food Sci 59(5):10579.
  • Gao L, Mazza G. 1995. Characterization of acetylated anthocyanins in lowbush blueberries. J Liq Chromatogr 18(2):24559.
  • Garcia-Viguera C, Zafrilla P, Tomás Barberán FA. 1997. Determination of authenticity of fruit jams by HPLC analysis of anthocyanins. J Sci Food Agric 73(2):20713.
  • Ghassempour A, Heydari R, Talebpour Z, Fakhari AR, Rassouli A, Davies N, Aboul-Enein HY. 2008. Study of new extraction methods for separation of anthocyanins from red grape skins: Analysis by HPLC and LC-MS/MS. J Liq Chromatogr Relat Technol 31(17):2686703.
  • Ghosh D, Konishi T. 2007. Anthocyanins and anthocyanin-rich extracts: role in diabetes and eye function. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16(2):2008.
  • Giusti MM, Wrolstad RE, Acree TE, Decker EA, Penner MH, Reid DS, Schwartz SJ, Shoemaker CF, Smith D (Editors). (2005). Handbook of food analytical chemistry-pigments, colorants, flavors, texture, and bioactive food components. Hoboken , N.J. : John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  • Gough RE. 1994. The highbush blueberry and its management. New York, N.Y. : Food Products Press.
  • Grace MH, Ribnicky DM, Kuhn P, Poulev A, Logendra S, Yousef GG, Raskin I, Lila MA. 2009. Hypoglycemic activity of a novel anthocyanin-rich formulation from lowbush blueberry, Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton. Phytomedicine 16(5):40615.
  • Griveau JF, Lannou D. 1997. Reactive oxygen species and human spermatozoa: physiology and pathology. Int J Androl 20(2):619.
  • Hall IV, Aalders LE. 1963. Two-factor inheritance of white fruit in the common lowbush blueberry, Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. Genome 5(4):3713.
  • Hall IV, Forsyth FR, Aalders LE, Jackson LP. 1972. Physiology of the lowbush blueberry. Econ Bot 26(1):6873.
  • Halliwell B. 1991. Reactive oxygen species in living systems: source, biochemistry, and role in human disease. Am J Med 91(3):S14S22.
  • Halliwell B. 1992. Reactive oxygen species and the central nervous system. J Neurochem 59(5): 160923.
  • Halliwell B, Gutteridge J. 1990. The antioxidants of human extracellular fluids. Arch Biochem Biophys 280(1):18.
  • Halliwell B, Gutteridge JMC, Guohua CAO, Cutler RG. 1995. The definition and measurement of antioxidants in biological systems. Free Radical Biol Med 18(1):1256.
  • Hancock JF, Lyrene P, Finn CE, Vorsa N, Lobos GA. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries. In: Hancock JF, editor. Temperate fruit crop breeding germplasm to genomics. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer Science & Business Media B.V. p. 115150. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6907-9_4.
  • Harborne JB, Mabry TJ, Mabry H. 1975. The flavonoids. London : Chapman & Hall.
  • Hendry GAF, Houghton JD. 1996. Natural food colorants, 2nd ed. Glasgow , UK : Blackie Academic and Professional, an imprint of Chapman and Hall.
  • Herrmann KM, Weaver LM. 1999. The shikimate pathway. Annual Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 50:473503.
  • Hoch WA, Zeldin EL, McCown BH. 2001. Physiological significance of anthocyanins during autumnal leaf senescence. Tree Physiol 21(1):18.
  • Holton TA, Cornish EC. 1995. Genetics and biochemistry of anthocyanin biosynthesis. The Plant Cell 7(7):107183.
  • Howard LR, Clark JR, Brownmiller C. 2003. Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content in blueberries as affected by genotype and growing season. J Sci Food Agricul 83(12):123847.
  • Jaakola L, Maatta K, Pirttila AM, Torronen R, Karenlampi S, Hohtola A. 2002. Expression of genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis in relation to anthocyanin, proanthocyanidin, and flavonol levels during bilberry fruit development. Plant Physiol 130(2):72939.
  • Jaakola L, Määttä-Riihinen K, Kärenlampi S, Hohtola A. 2004. Activation of flavonoid biosynthesis by solar radiation in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) leaves. Planta 218(5):7218.
  • Jackman RL, Yada RY, Tung MA. 1987. A review: separation and chemical properties of anthocyanins used for their qualitative and quantitative analysis. J Food Biochem 11(4):279308.
  • Jensen RA. 1986. The shikimate/arogenate pathway: link between carbohydrate metabolism and secondary metabolism. Physiol Plant 66(1):1648.
  • Joseph JA, Shukitt-Hale B, Denisova NA, Bielinski D, Martin A, McEwen JJ, Bickford PC. 1999. Reversals of age-related declines in neuronal signal transduction, cognitive, and motor behavioral deficits with blueberry, spinach, or strawberry dietary supplementation. J Neurosci 19(18):811421.
  • Joseph J, Carey A, Brewer G, Lau F, Fisher D. 2007. Dopamine and A -induced stress signaling and decrements in Ca^{2+} buffering in primary neonatal hippocampal cells are antagonized by blueberry extract. J Alzheimer's Dis 11(4):43346.
  • Ju ZY, Howard LR. 2003. Effects of solvent and temperature on pressurized liquid extraction of anthocyanins and total phenolics from dried red grape skin. J Agric Food Chem 51(18):520713.
  • Ju Z, Howard LR. 2005. Subcritical water and sulfured water extraction of anthocyanins and other phenolics from dried red grape skin. J Food Sci 70(4):S2706.
  • Kadar A, Robert L, Miskulin M, Tixier JM, Brechemier D, Robert AM. 1979. Influence of anthocyanoside treatment on the cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis in the rabbit. Paroi Artérielle 5(4):187205.
  • Kader F, Rovel B, Girardin M, Metche M. 1996. Fractionation and identification of the phenolic compounds of highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum, L.). Food Chem 55(1):3540.
  • Kader F, Rovel B, Girardin M, Metche M. 1997. Mechanism of browning in fresh highbush blueberry fruit (Vaccinium corymbosum L). Role of blueberry polyphenol oxidase, chlorogenic acid and anthocyanins. J Sci Food Agric 74(1):314.
  • Kader F, Haluk JP, Nicolas JP, Metche M. 1998. Degradation of cyanidin 3-glucoside by blueberry polyphenol oxidase: kinetic studies and mechanisms. J AgricFood Chem 46(8):30605.
  • Kalt W. 2005. Effects of production and processing factors on major fruit and vegetable antioxidants. J Food Sci 70(1):R119.
  • Kalt W, Dufour D. 1997. Health functionality of blueberries. Hortic Technol 7:21621.
  • Kalt W, McDonald JE. 1996. Chemical composition of lowbush blueberry cultivars. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 121:1426.
  • Kalt W, Forney CF, Martin A, Prior RL. 1999a. Antioxidant capacity, vitamin C, phenolics, and anthocyanins after fresh storage of small fruits. J Agric Food Chem 47(11):463844.
  • Kalt W, McDonald JE, Ricker RD, Lu X. 1999b. Anthocyanin content and profile within and among blueberry species. Can J Plant Sci 79(4):61724.
  • Kalt W, McDonald JE, Donner H. 2000. Anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity of processed lowbush blueberry products. J Food Sci 65(3):3903.
  • Kalt W, Ryan DAJ, Duy JC, Prior RL, Ehlenfeldt MK, van der Kloet SP. 2001. Interspecific variation in anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity among genotypes of highbush and lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium section Cyanococcus spp.). J Agric Food Chem 49(10):47617.
  • Kalt W, Blumberg JB, McDonald JE, Vinqvist-Tymchuk MR, Fillmore SAE, Graf BA, O’Leary JM, Milbury PE. 2008. Identification of anthocyanins in the liver, eye, and brain of blueberry-fed pigs. J Agric Food Chem 56(3):70512.
  • Katsumoto Y, Fukuchi-Mizutani M, Fukui Y, Brugliera F, Holton T, Karan M, Nakamura N, Yonekura-Sakakibara K, Togami J, Pigeaire A. 2007. Engineering of the rose flavonoid biosynthetic pathway successfully generated blue-hued flowers accumulating delphinidin. Plant Cell Physiol 48(11):15891600.
  • Kay CD, Holub BJ. 2002. The effect of wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) consumption on postprandial serum antioxidant status in human subjects. British J Nutr 88(04):38997.
  • Khanal R, Howard L, Prior R. 2010. Effect of heating on the stability of grape and blueberry pomace procyanidins and total anthocyanins. Food Res Int 43(5):14649.
  • Kim MH, Toledo RT. 1987. Effect of osmotic dehydration and high temperature fluidized bed drying on properties of dehydrated rabbiteye blueberries. J Food Sci 52(4):9804.
  • King JW, Grabiel RD, Wightman JD. 2003. Subcritical water extraction of anthocyanins from fruit berry substrates. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 6th Intl. Symposium on Supercritical Fluids, Tome 1. April 28-30. Versailles , France .
  • Kraft TFB, Schmidt BM, Yousef GG, Knight CTG, Cuendet M, Kang YH, Pezzuto JM, Seigler DS, Lila MA. 2005. Chemopreventive potential of wild lowbush blueberry fruits in multiple stages of carcinogenesis. J Food Sci 70(3):S15966.
  • Krupa T, Tomala K. 2007. Antioxidant capacity, anthocyanin content profile in ‘Bluecrop’ blueberry fruit. Vegetable Crops Res Bull 66:12941.
  • Lee J, Wrolstad RE. 2004. Extraction of anthocyanins and polyphenolics from blueberry processing waste. J Food Sci 69(7):56473.
  • Lee J, Finn CE, Wrolstad RE. 2004. Anthocyanin pigment and total phenolic content of three Vaccinium species native to the Pacific Northwest of North America. HortScience 39(5):95964.
  • Liazid A, Guerrero RF, Cantos E, Palma M, Barroso CG. 2011. Microwave-assisted extraction of anthocyanins from grape skins. Food Chem 124(3):123843.
  • Lohachoompol V, Srzednicki G, Craske J. 2004. The change of total anthocyanins in blueberries and their antioxidant effect after drying and freezing. J Biomed Biotechnol 5:24852.
  • Lohachoompol V, Mulholland M, Srzednicki G, Craske J. 2008. Determination of anthocyanins in various cultivars of highbush and rabbiteye blueberries. Food Chem 111(1):24954.
  • Luque-Rodriguez J, Luque de Castro M, Pérez-Juan P. 2007. Dynamic superheated liquid extraction of anthocyanins and other phenolics from red grape skins of winemaking residues. Bioresour Technol 98(14):270513.
  • Lyrene PM. 1988. An allele for anthocyanin-deficient foliage, buds, and fruit in Vaccinium elliottii. J Heredity 79(1):802.
  • Mantell C, Rodríguez M, Martínez de la Ossa E. 2003. A screening analysis of the high-pressure extraction of anthocyanins from red grape pomace with carbon dioxide and cosolvent. Engr Life Sci 3(1):3842.
  • Martin LJ, Matar C. 2005. Increase of antioxidant capacity of the lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) during fermentation by a novel bacterium from the fruit microflora. J Sci Food Agric 85(9):147784.
  • Matchett MD, MacKinnon SL, Sweeney MI, Gottschall-Pass KT, Hurta RAR. 2005. Blueberry flavonoids inhibit matrix metalloproteinase activity in DU145 human prostate cancer cells. Biochem Cell Biol 83(5):63743.
  • Matchett MD, MacKinnon SL, Sweeney MI, Gottschall-Pass KT, Hurta RAR. 2006. Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase activity in DU145 human prostate cancer cells by flavonoids from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium): possible roles for protein kinase C and mitogen-activated protein-kinase-mediated events. J Nutr Biochem 17(2):11725.
  • Mazza G, Miniati E. 1993. Anthocyanins in fruits, vegetables, and grains. Boca Raton , Fla .: CRC Press Inc.
  • Mazza G, Kay CD, Cottrell T, Holub BJ. 2002. Absorption of anthocyanins from blueberries and serum antioxidant status in human subjects. J Agric Food Chem 50(26):77317.
  • McGhie TK, Walton MC. 2007. The bioavailability and absorption of anthocyanins: towards a better understanding. Mol Nutr Food Res 51(6):70213.
  • McGhie TK, Ainge GD, Barnett LE, Cooney JM, Jensen DJ. 2003. Anthocyanin glycosides from berry fruit are absorbed and excreted unmetabolized by both humans and rats. J Agric Food Chem 51(16):453948.
  • Mejia-Meza EI, Yanez JA, Davies NM, Rasco B, Younce F, Remsberg CM, Clary C. 2008. Improving nutritional value of dried blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) combining microwave-vacuum, hot-air drying and freeze drying technologies. Int J Food Eng 4(5):16.
  • Mishra DK, Dolan KD, Yang L. 2008. Confidence intervals for modeling anthocyanin retention in grape pomace during nonisothermal heating. J Food Sci 73(1):E9E15.
  • Molan AL, Lila MA, Mawson J, De S. 2009. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of the prebiotic activity of water-soluble blueberry extracts. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 25(7):12439.
  • Moyer RA, Hummer KE, Finn CE, Frei B, Wrolstad RE. 2002. Anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity in diverse small fruits: Vaccinium, Rubus, and Ribes. J Agric Food Chem 50(3):51925.
  • Naczk M, Grant S, Zadernowski R, Barre E. 2006. Protein precipitating capacity of phenolics of wild blueberry leaves and fruits. Food Chem 96(4):6407.
  • Nakajima J, Tanaka I, Seo S, Yamazaki M, Saito K. 2004. LC/PDA/ESI-MS profiling and radical scavenging activity of anthocyanins in various berries. J Biomed Biotechnol 5:2417.
  • Nakatsuka T, Abe Y, Kakizaki Y, Yamamura S, Nishihara M. 2007. Production of red-flowered plants by genetic engineering of multiple flavonoid biosynthetic genes. Plant Cell Reports 26(11):19519.
  • Neto CC. 2007. Cranberry and blueberry: evidence for protective effects against cancer and vascular diseases. Mol Nutr Food Res 51(6):65264.
  • Nicoué EÉ, Savard S, Belkacemi K. 2007. Anthocyanins in wild blueberries of Quebec: extraction and identification. J Agric Food Chem 55(14):562635.
  • Norton C, Kalea AZ, Harris PD, Klimis-Zacas DJ. 2005. Wild blueberry-rich diets affect the contractile machinery of the vascular smooth muscle in the Sprague-Dawley rat. J Med Food 8(1):813.
  • Nozzolillo C, Isabelle P, Das G. 1990. Seasonal changes in the phenolic constituents of jack pine seedlings (Pinus banksiana) in relation to the purpling phenomenon. Can J Bot 68(9):20107.
  • Ofek I, Goldhar J, Zafriri D, Lis H, Adar R, Sharon N. 1991. Anti-Escherichia coli adhesin activity of cranberry and blueberry juices. New Engl J Med 324(22):1599.
  • Oliveira C, Amaro LF, Pinho O, Ferreira IM. 2010. Cooked blueberries: anthocyanin and anthocyanidin degradation and their radical-scavenging activity. J Agric Food Chem 58(16):900612.
  • Olsson ME, Gustavsson KE, Andersson S, Nilsson Å, Duan RD. 2004. Inhibition of cancer cell proliferation in vitro by fruit and berry extracts and correlations with antioxidant levels. J Agric Food Chem 52(24):726471.
  • Onslow MW. 1925. The anthocyanin pigments of plants. 2nd ed. London : Cambridge University Press.
  • Osman N, Adawi D, Ahrné S, Jeppsson B, Molin G. 2008. Probiotics and blueberry attenuate the severity of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Dig Dis Sci 53(9):246473.
  • Panicker GK, Sims CA, Spiers JM, Silva JL, Matta FB. 2007. Effect of worm castings, cow manure, and forest waste on yield and fruit quality of organic blueberries grown on a heavy soil. Paper presented at the II International Symposium on Human Health Effects of Fruits and Vegetables; Houston, Tex.
  • Paredes-López O, Cervantes-Ceja ML, Vigna-Pérez M, Hernández-Pérez T. 2010. Berries: improving human health and healthy aging, and promoting quality life, a review. Plant Foods for Human Nutr 65:299308.
  • Park YJ, Biswas R, Phillips RD, Chen J. 2011. Antibacterial activities of blueberry and muscadine phenolic extracts. J Food Sci 76(2):M1015.
  • de Pascual-Teresa S, Sanchez-Ballesta MT. 2008. Anthocyanins: from plant to health. Phytochemistry Rev 7(2):28199.
  • de Pascual-Teresa S, Moreno DA, García-Viguera C. 2010. Flavanols and anthocyanins in cardiovascular health: a review of current evidence. Int J Mol Sci 11(4):1679703.
  • Perkins-Veazie P, Collins JK, Howard L. 2008. Blueberry fruit response to postharvest application of ultraviolet radiation. Postharvest Biol Technol 47(3):2805.
  • Powles SB. 1984. Photoinhibition of photosynthesis induced by visible light. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 35(1):1544.
  • Prior RL, Wu X. 2006. Anthocyanins: structural characteristics that result in unique metabolic patterns and biological activities. Free Radical Res 40(10):101428.
  • Prior RL, Cao G, Martin A, Sofic E, McEwen J, O’Brien C, Lischner N, Ehlenfeldt M, Kalt W, Krewer G. 1998. Antioxidant capacity as influenced by total phenolic and anthocyanin content, maturity, and variety of Vaccinium species. J Agric Food Chem 46(7):268693.
  • Prior RL, Lazarus SA, Cao G, Muccitelli H, Hammerstone JF. 2001. Identification of procyanidins and anthocyanins in blueberries and cranberries (Vaccinium spp.) using high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem 49(3):12706.
  • Prior RL, Wu X, Schaichs K. 2005. Standardized methods for the determination of antioxidant capacity and phenolics in foods and dietary supplements. J Agric Food Chem 53(10):4290302.
  • Prior RL, Wu X, Gu L, Hager TJ, Hager A, Howard LR. 2008. Whole berries versus berry anthocyanins: interactions with dietary fat levels in the C57BL/6J mouse model of obesity. J Agric Food Chem 56(3):64753.
  • Prior RL, Wu X, Gu L, Hager T, Hager A, Wilkes SE, Howard LR. 2009. Purified berry anthocyanins but not whole berries normalize lipid parameters in mice fed an obesogenic high fat diet. Mol Nutr Food Res 53(11):140618.
  • Prior RL, Wilkes SE, Rogers TR, Khanal RC, Wu X, Howard LR. 2010. Purified blueberry anthocyanins and blueberry juice alter development of obesity in mice fed an obesogenic high-fat diet. J Agric Food Chem 58(7):39706.
  • Puupponen Pimiä R, Nohynek L, Meier C, Kähkönen M, Heinonen M, Hopia A, Oksman Caldentey KM. 2001. Antimicrobial properties of phenolic compounds from berries. J Appl Microbiol 90(4):494507.
  • Queiroz F, Oliveira C, Pinho O, Ferreira IM. 2009. Degradation of anthocyanins and anthocyanidins in blueberry jams/stuffed fish. J Agric Food Chem 57(22):107127.
  • Ramassamy C. 2006. Emerging role of polyphenolic compounds in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases: a review of their intracellular targets. Eur J Pharmacol 545(1):5164.
  • Remberg SF, Rosenfeld HJ, Haffnier K, Gronnerod K, Lea P. 2004. Characterization of quality parameters of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) cultivars. Paper presented at the VIII International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, Sevilla , Spain .
  • Riihinen K, Jaakola L, Kärenlampi S, Hohtola A. 2008. Organ-specific distribution of phenolic compounds in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and ‘northblue’ blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum x V. angustifolium). Food Chem 110(1):15660.
  • Sakamura S, Ohata Y. 1963. Anthocyanase and anthocyanins occurring in eggplant, Solanum melongena L. Part II. Isolation and identification of chlorogenic acid and related compounds from eggplant. Agric Biol Chem 27:1217.
  • Sakamura S, Watanase S, Obata Y. 1965. Oxidative decolorization of the anthocyanin by polyphenol oxidase. Agric Biol Chem 29:18190.
  • Sánchez-Moreno C, Cao G, Ou B, Prior RL. 2003. Anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin content in selected white and red wines. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity comparison with nontraditional wines obtained from highbush blueberry. J Agric Food Chem 51(17):488996.
  • Sapers GM, Phillips JG. 1985. Leakage of anthocyanins from skin of raw and cooked highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.). J Food Sci 50(2):4379.
  • Sapers GM, Burgher AM, Phillips JG, Jones SB, Stone EG. 1984. Color and composition of highbush blueberry cultivars. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 109(1):10511.
  • Scalzo J, Battino M, Costantini E, Mezzetti B. 2005. Breeding and biotechnology for improving berry nutritional quality. BioFactors 23(4):21320.
  • Scalzo J, Currie A, Stephens J, McGhie T, Alspach P. 2008a. The anthocyanin composition of different Vaccinium, Ribes and Rubus genotypes. BioFactors 34(1):1321.
  • Scalzo J, Miller S, Edwards C, Meekings J, Alspach P. 2008b. Variation in phytochemical composition and fruit traits of blueberry cultivars and advanced breeding selections in New Zealand. Paper presented at the IX International Vaccinium Symposium, Corvallis , Oregon , USA .
  • Seeram NP. 2008. Berry fruits: compositional elements, biochemical activities, and the impact of their intake on human health, performance, and disease. J Agric Food Chem 56(3):6279.
  • Seeram NP, Adams LS, Zhang Y, Lee R, Sand D, Scheuller HS, Heber D. 2006. Blackberry, black raspberry, blueberry, cranberry, red raspberry, and strawberry extracts inhibit growth and stimulate apoptosis of human cancer cells in vitro. J Agric Food Chem 54(25):932939.
  • Sellappan S, Akoh CC, Krewer G. 2002. Phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of Georgia-grown blueberries and blackberries. J Agric Food Chem 50(8):24328.
  • Serres RA, Zeldin EL, McCown BH. 1996. Applying biotechnological approaches to Vaccinium improvement: a review. Paper presented at the VI International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, Maine , Orono , USA .
  • Shimada Y, Ohbayashi M, Nakano-Shimada R, Okinaka Y, Kiyokawa S, Kikuchi Y. 2001. Genetic engineering of the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway with flavonoid-3’, 5’-hydroxylase: specific switching of the pathway in petunia. Plant Cell Reports 20(5):45662.
  • Sinelli N, Spinardi A, Di Egidio V, Mignani I, Casiraghi E. 2008. Evaluation of quality and nutraceutical content of blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy. Postharvest Biol Technol 50(1):316.
  • Skrede G, Wrolstad RE, Durst RW. 2000. Changes in anthocyanins and polyphenolics during juice processing of highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.). J Food Sci 65(2):35764.
  • Smith MAL, Marley KA, Seigler D, Singletary KW, Meline B. 2000. Bioactive properties of wild blueberry fruits. J Food Sc 65(2):3526.
  • Srivastava A, Akoh CC, Fischer J, Krewer G. 2007. Effect of anthocyanin fractions from selected cultivars of Georgia-grown blueberries on apoptosis and phase II enzymes. J Agric Food Chem 55(8):31805.
  • Stafford HA. 1990. Flavonoid metabolism. Boca Raton , Fla : CRC Press
  • Steyn WJ, Wand SJE, Holcroft DM, Jacobs G. 2002. Anthocyanins in vegetative tissues: a proposed unified function in photoprotection. New Phytologist 155(3):34961.
  • Stojanovic J, Silva JL. 2007. Influence of osmotic concentration, continuous high-frequency ultrasound and dehydration on antioxidants, colour and chemical properties of rabbiteye blueberries. Food Chem 101(3):898906.
  • Strack D, Wray V. 1994. The anthocyanins. In: Harborne JB, editor. The flavonoids: advances in research since 1986. London : Chapman & Hall/CRC. p. 119.
  • Sun Y, Liao X, Wang Z, Hu X, Chen F. 2007. Optimization of microwave-assisted extraction of anthocyanins in red raspberries and identification of anthocyanin of extracts using high-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Eur Food Res Technol 225(3):51123.
  • Takeoka G, Dao L. 2007. Anthocyanins. In: Hurst WJ, editor. Methods of analysis for functional foods and nutraceuticals. Boca Raton , Fla. : CRC PRESS.
  • Taruscio TG, Barney DL, Exon J. 2004. Content and profile of flavanoid and phenolic acid compounds in conjunction with the antioxidant capacity for a variety of Northwest Vaccinium berries. J Agric Food Chem 52(10):316976.
  • Torri E, Lemos M, Caliari V, Kassuya CAL, Bastos JK, Andrade SF. 2007. Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties of blueberry extract (Vaccinium corymbosum). J Pharm Pharmacol 59(4):5916.
  • Trehane J. 2004. Blueberries, cranberries, and other vacciniums. Portland : Timber Press.
  • UN-FAO. 2002. Inter-simple sequence repeat. (n.d.). Glossary of biotechnology for food and agriculture. UN Food and Agriculture Organization. Available from: http://www.expertglossary.com/food-biotechnology/definition/inter-simple-sequence-repea >. Accessed May 13, 2011.
  • Vuong T, Matar C, Ramassamy C, Haddad PS. 2010. Biotransformed blueberry juice protects neurons from hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway alterations. Br J Nutr 104(05):65663.
  • Wang J, Mazza G. 2002. Inhibitory effects of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds on nitric oxide production in LPS/IFN-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. J Agric Food Chem 50(4):8507.
  • Wang LS, Stoner GD. 2008. Anthocyanins and their role in cancer prevention. Cancer Letters 269(2):28190.
  • Wang H, Cao G, Prior RL. 1996. Total antioxidant capacity of fruits. J Agric Food Chem 44(3):7015.
  • Wang H, Cao G, Prior RL. 1997. Oxygen radical absorbing capacity of anthocyanins. J Agric Food Chem 45(2):3049.
  • Wang J, Kalt W, Sporns P. 2000. Comparison between HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS analysis of anthocyanins in highbush blueberries. J Agric Food Chem 48(8):33305.
  • Wang CY, Wang SY, Chen C. 2008. Increasing antioxidant activity and reducing decay of blueberries by essential oils. J Agric Food Chem 56(10):358792.
  • Wang SY, Chen CT, Sciarappa W, Wang CY, Camp MJ. 2008. Fruit quality, antioxidant capacity, and flavonoid content of organically and conventionally grown blueberries. J Agric Food Chem 56(14):578894.
  • Wang CY, Chen CT, Wang SY. 2009. Changes of flavonoid content and antioxidant capacity in blueberries after illumination with UV-C. Food Chem 117(3):42631.
  • Wang BC, He R, Li ZM. 2010. The stability and antioxidant activity of anthocyanins from blueberry. Food Technol Biotechnol 48(1):429.
  • Wedge DE, Meepagala KM, Magee JB, Smith SH, Huang G, Larcom LL. 2001. Anticarcinogenic activity of strawberry, blueberry, and raspberry extracts to breast and cervical cancer cells. J Med Food 4(1):4951.
  • Weisshaar B, Jenkins GI. 1998. Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and its regulation. Curr Opinion Plant Biol 1(3):2517.
  • Williams CM, El Mohsen MA, Vauzour D, Rendeiro C, Butler LT, Ellis JA, Whiteman M, Spencer JPE. 2008. Blueberry-induced changes in spatial working memory correlate with changes in hippocampal CREB phosphorylation and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. Free Radical Biol Med 45(3):295305.
  • Winkel-Shirley B. 2001. Flavonoid biosynthesis. A colorful model for genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, and biotechnology. Plant Physiol 126(2):48593.
  • Wu X, Beecher GR, Holden JM, Haytowitz DB, Gebhardt SE, Prior RL. 2006. Concentrations of anthocyanins in common foods in the United States and estimation of normal consumption. J Agric Food Chem 54(11):406975.
  • Wu X, Cao G, Prior RL. 2002. Absorption and metabolism of anthocyanins in elderly women after consumption of elderberry or blueberry. J Nutr 132(7):186571.
  • Wu X, Prior RL. 2005. Systematic identification and characterization of anthocyanins by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS in common foods in the United States: fruits and berries. J Agric Food Chem 53(7):258999.
  • Yang APP, Wills C, Yang TCS. 1987. Use of a combination process of osmotic dehydration and freeze-drying to produce a raisin-type lowbush blueberry product. J Food Sci 52(6):16513.
  • Yang CST, Atallah WA. 1985. Effect of four drying methods on the quality of intermediate moisture lowbush blueberries. J Food Sci 50(5):12337.
  • Yang Z, Zhai W. 2010. Optimization of microwave-assisted extraction of anthocyanins from purple corn (Zea mays L.) cob and identification with HPLC-MS. Innovative Food Sci Emerging Technol 11(3):4706.
  • Yi W, Fischer J, Krewer G, Akoh CC. 2005. Phenolic compounds from blueberries can inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. J Agric Food Chem 53(18):732079.
  • You Q, Wang B, Chen F, Huang Z, Wang X, Luo PG. 2011. Comparison of anthocyanins and phenolics in organically and conventionally grown blueberries in selected cultivars. Food Chem 125:2018.
  • Youdim KA, McDonald J, Kalt W, Joseph JA. 2002. Potential role of dietary flavonoids in reducing microvascular endothelium vulnerability to oxidative and inflammatory insults. J Nutr Biochem 13(5):2828.
  • Zafra-Stone S, Yasmin T, Bagchi M, Chatterjee A, Vinson JA, Bagchi D. 2007. Berry anthocyanins as novel antioxidants in human health and disease prevention. Mol Nutr Food Res 51(6):67583.
  • Zhao C, Giusti MM, Malik M, Moyer MP, Magnuson BA. 2004. Effects of commercial anthocyanin-rich extracts on colonic cancer and nontumorigenic colonic cell growth. J Agric Food Chem 52(20):61228.
  • Zheng Y, Wang CY, Wang SY, Zheng W. 2003. Effect of high-oxygen atmospheres on blueberry phenolics, anthocyanins, and antioxidant capacity. J Agric Food Chem 51(24):71629.