Effect of Birth Ball Usage on Pain in the Active Phase of Labor: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Article first published online: 28 FEB 2011
© 2011 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 56, Issue 2, pages 137–140, March/April 2011
How to Cite
Taavoni, S., Abdolahian, S., Haghani, H. and Neysani, L. (2011), Effect of Birth Ball Usage on Pain in the Active Phase of Labor: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 56: 137–140. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2010.00013.x
- Issue published online: 23 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 28 FEB 2011
- birth ball;
- duration of labor;
- labor pain management;
- uterine contraction
Introduction: Anxiety can be a contributor to labor pain, which is known to be multifactorial. Because there is little information available on the efficacy of birth ball use for labor pain management, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of use of a birth ball on labor pain, contractions, and duration of the active phase of labor.
Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 primiparous women aged 18 to 35 years were divided into birth ball and control groups. Pain scores were measured by a visual analogue scale.
Results: Mean pain scores in the birth ball group were significantly lower than the mean pain scores in the control group (P < .05). There were no significant differences between duration of the active phase of labor or the interval between uterine contractions in the 2 groups (P > .05).
Discussion: Although the use of a birth ball had no effect on the duration of the active phase of labor, the duration of uterine contractions, or the interval between contractions, this complementary treatment could reduce the intensity of pain during the active phase of labor.