The Health Belief Model Can Guide Modern Contraceptive Behavior Research and Practice
Article first published online: 15 DEC 2011
© 2011 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 57, Issue 1, pages 74–81, January/February 2012
How to Cite
Hall, K. S. (2012), The Health Belief Model Can Guide Modern Contraceptive Behavior Research and Practice. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 57: 74–81. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2011.00110.x
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 15 DEC 2011
- contraceptive behavior;
- family planning;
- Health Belief Model;
- theory-guided research
Introduction: Theory-based research is needed to understand poor contraceptive behavior and related reproductive health sequelae. The purpose of this review was to examine the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a comprehensive, well-tested social-cognitive framework suitable for explaining and predicting contraceptive behavior.
Methods: Existing literature, including editorials and research reports, describing HBM-guided contraceptive research between January 1966 and February 2011 was retrieved from established electronic databases. After consideration of inclusion/exclusion criteria, 10 articles were included in the review.
Results: Issues in original family planning applications of HBM included inconsistent conceptualizations of contraceptive behavior and limited use of all HBM constructs in research surveys, interventions, and analyses. Knowledge of contraceptive behavior has evolved, warranting more comprehensive use of the HBM for pertinent reproductive health contexts, behaviors, and methods.
Discussion: With more rigorous applications, the HBM can help us understand modern contraceptive behavior determinants and facilitate strategies to prevent unintended pregnancy and promote positive family planning outcomes.