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Keywords:

  • adenomyosis;
  • dysmenorrhea;
  • levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system;
  • menorrhagia;
  • myometrium;
  • tranexamic acid

Adenomyosis is a prevalent, benign gynecologic condition in which endometrial tissue invades the myometrium, causing myometrial inflammation and hypertrophy. Although some women with adenomyosis are asymptomatic, the condition often causes menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. This article provides women's health providers with a review of causes and risk factors for developing adenomyosis, clinical presentations of women with the condition, diagnostic modalities and criteria, and medical and surgical treatment options.