Induced Abortion in Iran: Prevalence, Reasons, and Consequences
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
© 2012 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 57, Issue 5, pages 482–488, September/October 2012
How to Cite
Ranji, A. (2012), Induced Abortion in Iran: Prevalence, Reasons, and Consequences. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 57: 482–488. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2012.00159.x
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2012
- induced abortion;
- post-abortion care;
- reproductive health services;
- unwanted pregnancy
Introduction: The aims of this descriptive study were to determine the prevalence of illegal induced abortion among participants, the factors that influence decision making to have an abortion, and the health consequences of abortion in Iran.
Methods: Women who attended health centers or an antenatal clinic in Iran were interviewed to complete a questionnaire.
Results: Among the 2705 participants, 17% had experienced at least 1 illegal induced abortion. Education level, family income, religion, ethnicity, number of children, and age at marriage are associated with having an induced abortion. One-third of abortions (33%) were performed by nonmedical providers. The desire to stop or postpone childbearing and family economic problems were the most common reasons for having an abortion. Most women (84%) experienced a complication of abortion that required hospitalization.
Discussion: Strategies to prevent abortion complications are needed and could include training midwives and general physicians to perform abortions and promoting the availability of post-abortion care.