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Keywords:

  • infertility;
  • female infertility treatment;
  • ovulation induction;
  • clomiphene citrate;
  • letrozole;
  • intrauterine insemination;
  • polycystic ovary syndrome

Treating the infertile client with competence and compassion is within the scope of practice for advanced practice clinicians. However, due to both a lack of emphasis on infertility treatment in many advanced practice education programs and confusion regarding diagnosis and treatment by many practitioners, infertility is often undertreated by these providers. A basic infertility evaluation, patient counseling, and prescriptive therapy with oral ovulation-inducing agents by a knowledgeable practitioner is cost-effective and may result in successful pregnancy in women who otherwise may not be adequately and quickly treated prior to referral to a reproductive endocrinologist. A diagnosis of infertility is often stressful and frustrating for a couple. Midwives and advanced practice nurses are uniquely qualified to provide both compassionate care and competent treatment during this time. This article provides the clinician with an overview of infertility diagnosis, evaluation, and initial management with lifestyle modifications and oral ovulation-inducing agents.