Racial/Ethnic Differences in Midlife Women's Attitudes Toward Physical Activity
Version of Record online: 9 AUG 2013
© 2013 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 58, Issue 4, pages 440–450, July/August 2013
How to Cite
Im, E.-O., Ko, Y., Hwang, H., Chee, W., Stuifbergen, A., Walker, L. and Brown, A. (2013), Racial/Ethnic Differences in Midlife Women's Attitudes Toward Physical Activity. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 58: 440–450. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2012.00259.x
- Issue online: 9 AUG 2013
- Version of Record online: 9 AUG 2013
- physical activity;
Women's racial/ethnic-specific attitudes toward physical activity have been pointed out as a plausible reason for their low participation rates in physical activity. However, very little is actually known about racial/ethnic commonalities and differences in midlife women's attitudes toward physical activity. The purpose of this study was to explore commonalities and differences in midlife women's attitudes toward physical activity among 4 major racial/ethnic groups in the United States (whites, Hispanics, African Americans, and Asians).
This was a secondary analysis of the qualitative data from a larger study that explored midlife women's attitudes toward physical activity. Qualitative data from 4 racial/ethnic-specific online forums among 90 midlife women were used for this study. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis, and themes reflecting commonalties and differences in the women's attitudes toward physical activity across the racial/ethnic groups were extracted.
The themes reflecting the commonalities were: 1) physical activity is good for health, 2) not as active as I could be, 3) physical activity was not encouraged, 4) inherited diseases motivated participation in physical activity, and 5) lack of accessibility to physical activity. The themes reflecting the differences were: 1) physical activity as necessity or luxury, 2) organized versus natural physical activity, 3) individual versus family-oriented physical activity, and 4) beauty ideal or culturally accepted physical appearance.
Developing an intervention that could change the social influences and environmental factors and address the women's racial/ethnic-specific attitudes would be a priority in increasing physical activity of racial/ethnic minority midlife women.