QT Dispersion as a Noninvasive Arrhythmiogenic Marker in Acute Myocardial Infarction
Article first published online: 27 OCT 2006
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 35–38, January 1999
How to Cite
Papandonakis, E., Tsoukas, A. and Christakos, S. (1999), QT Dispersion as a Noninvasive Arrhythmiogenic Marker in Acute Myocardial Infarction. Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology, 4: 35–38. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-474X.1999.tb00362.x
- Issue published online: 27 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 27 OCT 2006
- QT dispersion;
- ventricular arrhythmias;
- myocardial infarction
Backround: Prolongation of QT dispersion (QTD), defined as the difference between maximum and minimum QT intervals on surface ECG, has been proposed as a noninvasive arrythmogenic marker. The aim of this study was to estimate the value of QTD in identifing patients susceptible to ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia (VF/VT) after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to evaluate the behavior of QTD in relation to the thrombolytic therapy.
Methods: We studied 108 consecutive patients with AMI. All patients had a 12-lead surface ECG recorded upon admission and a second ECG 24 hours later. QT interval was measured from the onset of Q to the end of T in each of 12 standard ECG leads. QTD was the difference between the longest and shortest values of QT. All QTD measurements were corrected for heart rate (QTcD) using QTc values according to Bazzet formula.
Results: Fifteen patients (13.8%) developed VF/VT in the first week after AMI (group 1A) and 93 patients (86.2%) did not have VF/NT (group 1B). QTD and QTcD values were significantly greater in group 1A in comparison to group 1B on admission and 24 hours later. Sixty-five patients (60%) received intravenous thrombolysis in the acute phase of AMI (group 2A) and 43 patients (40%) did not (group 2B). No significant difference in QTD and QTcD was observed in the first ECG on admission between the two groups. Conversely, QTD and QTcD were lower in group 2A patients in the second ECG 24 hours after admission.
Conclusions: These results provide evidence that increased values of QTD are correlated well with occurrence of malignant ventricular arrhythmias after acute myocardial infarction while lower values associated with the thrombolytic therapy. A.N.E. 1999;4(1):35–38