• long QT syndrome;
  • electrocardiogram;
  • head-up tilt test;
  • QT interval

Background. The QT interval shortens in response to sympathetic stimulation and its response to epinephrine infusion (in healthy individuals and patients with long QT syndrome) has been thoroughly studied. Head-up tilt-table (HUT) testing is an easy way to achieve brisk sympathetic stimulation. Yet, little is known about the response of the QT interval to HUT.

Methods. We reviewed the electrocardiograms of HUT tests performed at our institution and compare the heart rate, QT, and QTc obtained immediately after HUT with the rest values.

Results. The study group consisted of 41 patients (27 females and 14 males) aged 23.9 ± 8.4 years. Head-up tilting led to a significant shortening of the RR interval (from 825 ± 128 msec at rest phase to 712 ± 130 msec in the upward tilt phase, P < 0.001) but only to a moderate shortening of the QT interval (from 363.7 ± 27.9 msec during rest to 355 ± 30.3 msec during upward tilt, P = 0.001). Since the RR interval shortened more than the QT interval, the QTc actually increased (from 403 ± 21.5 msec during rest phase to 423.2 ± 27.4 msec during upward tilt, P < 0.001). The QTc value measured for the upward tilt position was longer than the resting QTc value in 33 of 41 patients. Of those, 4 male patients and 2 female patients developed upward-tilt QTc values above what would be considered abnormal at rest.

Conclusions. During HUT the QT shortens less than the RR interval. Consequently, the QTc increases during head-up tilt.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2010;15(3):245–249