Is “Hyper Response” to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients with Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy a Recovery, a Remission, or a Control?


Address for correspondence: Jean-Jacques Blanc, M.D., Department of Cardiology, Brest University Hospital, Boulevard Tanguy Prigent, Brest Cedex 29609 – France. Fax: (33) 2-98-34-78-03; E-mail:


Background and Objectives: Some patients treated by cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) recover “normal” left ventricular (LV) function and functional status. However, whether this “normalization” persists or reverts over time remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of LV function in patients hyper responder to CRT.

Methods: Eleven consecutive patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, sinus rhythm, left bundle branch block (LBBB), New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, and optimal pharmacological treatment were hyper responder as they fulfilled concurrently the two following criteria: functional recovery (NYHA class I or II) and normalization of LV ejection fraction (LVEF).

Results: After a mean follow-up of 65 ± 30 months between CRT implantation and last evaluation LVEF improved from 26 ± 9 to 59 ± 6% (P < 0.0001). One patient died from pulmonary embolism 31 months after implantation. Three patients exhibited LVEF ≤ 50% at their last follow-up visit (two at 40% and one at 45%). In eight patients, brief cessation of pacing was feasible (three were pacemaker-dependent). Mean QRS duration decreased from 181 ± 23 ms to 143 ± 22 ms (P = 0.006). In one patient, pacing was interrupted for 2 years and LVEF decreased markedly (from 65% to 31%) but returned to normal after a few months when pacing was resumed.

Conclusion: In hyper responder patients, “normalization” of LV function after CRT persists as long as pacing is maintained with an excellent survival.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2010;15(4):321-327