I would like to acknowledge conversations with Hilary G. Worthen, M.D., whose insights have contributed to the development of the witnessing schema.
Witnessing, Wonder, and Hope†
Article first published online: 6 MAY 2004
Volume 39, Issue 4, pages 389–402, December 2000
How to Cite
Weingarten, K. (2000), Witnessing, Wonder, and Hope. Family Process, 39: 389–402. doi: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2000.39401.x
- Issue published online: 6 MAY 2004
- Article first published online: 6 MAY 2004
- Manuscript received August 29, 2000; accepted August 31, 2000.
This article is based on a keynote address I gave in South Africa at the Eighth International Conference of The South African Association of Marital and Family Therapy. The phenomenon of witnessing is explored in a number of contexts, and a distinction is made between witnessing with and without awareness, and from an empowered or a disempowered position. I propose that the African philosophy of ubuntu—emphasis of which is on the self in community, in contrast to the Western emphasis on the individual—be a better fit for my view of hope, which, I propose, is not just a feeling but, rather, something people do.