Aspects of “Reality” and Ways of Knowing in Nursing: In Search of an Integrating Paradigm
Article first published online: 2 OCT 2007
Image: the Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 25, Issue 2, pages 141–146, June 1993
How to Cite
Wolfer, J. (1993), Aspects of “Reality” and Ways of Knowing in Nursing: In Search of an Integrating Paradigm. Image: the Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 25: 141–146. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.1993.tb00770.x
- Issue published online: 2 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 2 OCT 2007
- Accepted for publication July 16, 1992.
- theory construction
Types of knowledge, theory and research needed in a practice-oriented discipline are considered in relation to different “aspects of reality.” Major changes in nursing epistemology are reviewed to show an expanding model of inquiry. It is argued that a paradigm which recognizes a spectrum of reality from “body” through “mind” to “spirit” provides a philosophical basis for understanding the necessity of multiple modes of inquiry and multiple types of knowledge and theory. From this perspective, fundamentally different modes of inquiry are seen as complementary rather than competitive or inherently superior or inferior.