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Keywords:

  • restraints;
  • organizational research;
  • quality of life;
  • policy development

Administrators and key informants in restraint-free nursing homes participated in a telephone survey to improve understanding of the process, resources, and measures for successful adoption of restraint-free care. Respondents expressed a strong opinion that each facility must develop its own individualized approach to restraint removal. However, similar approaches were found which suggest that efficiencies in conversion may be gained through application of change theory informed by restraint removal experience.