Recruitment of Minority Subjects for Intervention Research


  • Pamela K. Pletsch,

    Corresponding author
    1. Pamela K. Pletsch BSN, MS, RN, PhD, Eta Nu, is Associate Professor at the School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
    • Dr. Pletsch, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201

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  • Carole Howe,

    1. Carole Howe RN, MS, is a doctoral student at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
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  • Molly Tenney

    1. Molly Tenney RN, MS, is Assistant Professor, Division of Nursing at Concordia University and Clinical Supervisor, College of Nursing, Marquette University. This research was funded by grants from the American Lung Association of Wisconsin and the Vince Lombardi Cancer Center.
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Recruitment of ethnic or racial minority subjects for health intervention research is a methodologic challenge. A recruitment plan that consisted of a feasibility analysis, recruitment strategies and activities, and evaluation was developed and used for a smoking cessation study of pregnant Latinas. Specific recruitment recommendations for similar research consist of a thorough feasibility analysis, developing partnerships with target groups and community members, using active face-to- face recruitment, and using process evaluation techniques.