Adela Yarcheski, RN, PhD, FAAN, Upsilon, Professor, College of Nursing, Noreen E. Mahon, RN, PhD, FAAN, Kappa, Professor, College of Nursing, both at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ; Thomas J. Yarcheski, PhD, Healthcare Consultant, Naples, ME; Barbara L. Cannella, RN, MS, Alpha Tau, Clinical Instructor and Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ. Correspondence to Dr. Yarcheski, 30 Coolidge Avenue, Carteret, NJ 07008. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
A Meta-Analysis of Predictors of Positive Health Practices
Version of Record online: 20 MAY 2004
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 36, Issue 2, pages 102–108, June 2004
How to Cite
Yarcheski, A., Mahon, N. E., Yarcheski, T. J. and Cannella, B. L. (2004), A Meta-Analysis of Predictors of Positive Health Practices. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 36: 102–108. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04021.x
*Studies included in the meta-analysis. **Unpublished data from a study used in meta-analysis.
- Issue online: 20 MAY 2004
- Version of Record online: 20 MAY 2004
- Accepted for publication January 19, 2004.
- positive health practices
Purpose:To identify predictors of positive health practices from empirical studies in which the Personal Lifestyle Questionnaire was used.
Methods:Meta-analysis to determine the magnitude of the relationships between each of the predictors identified and positive health practices. Fourteen predictors of positive health practices were identified in 37 studies published since 1983; a meta-analysis was conducted on 14 predictors.
Results:Eight predictors (loneliness, social support, perceived health status, self-efficacy, future time perspective, self-esteem, hope, and depression) had moderate effect sizes, and six (stress, education, marital status, age, income, and sex) had small effect sizes.
Conclusions:Findings enable health care professionals and researchers designing intervention studies to use the strongest predictors identified in this meta-analysis to promote positive health practices.