Clarification of Social Support
Article first published online: 10 FEB 2005
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 37, Issue 1, pages 4–9, First Quarter 2005
How to Cite
Finfgeld-Connett, D. (2005), Clarification of Social Support. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 37: 4–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2005.00004.x
- Issue published online: 10 FEB 2005
- Article first published online: 10 FEB 2005
- Accepted for publication July 29, 2004.
- social support;
- concept analysis;
Purpose:To clarify the concept of social support.
Design:Template Verification and Expansion Model.
Findings:Social support is composed of emotional and instrumental support. It is an advocative interpersonal process characterized by reciprocal exchange of information, it is context specific, and it results in improved mental health. Antecedents of emotional and instrumental support include a perceived need plus a social network and climate that are conducive to the exchange of social support.
Conclusions:In keeping with the nonprofessional nature of social support, nurses are advised to encourage patients to use and enhance personal support networks. For the same reason, nurses should reconsider investigating social support as a nursing intervention. Expanded efforts are needed to differentiate social support from concepts such as caring.