The Effect of Two Models of Supervision on Selected Outcomes

Authors

  • Leana R. Uys,

    1. Leana R. Uys, RN, RM, DSocSc, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Professor, School of Nursing; Ansie Minnaar, RN, RM, PhD, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Senior Lecturer; Barbara Simpson, SW, PhD, Senior Lecturer, School of Social Work; Steve Reid, MBChB, MFamMed, Associate Professor, Centre for Rural Health; all at University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Health Systems Trust, Durban, South Africa. Correspondence to Dr. Uys, School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa. E-mail: uys@ukzn.ac.za
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  • Ansie Minnaar,

    1. Leana R. Uys, RN, RM, DSocSc, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Professor, School of Nursing; Ansie Minnaar, RN, RM, PhD, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Senior Lecturer; Barbara Simpson, SW, PhD, Senior Lecturer, School of Social Work; Steve Reid, MBChB, MFamMed, Associate Professor, Centre for Rural Health; all at University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Health Systems Trust, Durban, South Africa. Correspondence to Dr. Uys, School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa. E-mail: uys@ukzn.ac.za
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  • Barbara Simpson,

    1. Leana R. Uys, RN, RM, DSocSc, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Professor, School of Nursing; Ansie Minnaar, RN, RM, PhD, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Senior Lecturer; Barbara Simpson, SW, PhD, Senior Lecturer, School of Social Work; Steve Reid, MBChB, MFamMed, Associate Professor, Centre for Rural Health; all at University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Health Systems Trust, Durban, South Africa. Correspondence to Dr. Uys, School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa. E-mail: uys@ukzn.ac.za
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  • Steve Reid

    1. Leana R. Uys, RN, RM, DSocSc, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Professor, School of Nursing; Ansie Minnaar, RN, RM, PhD, Tau Lambda-at-Large, Senior Lecturer; Barbara Simpson, SW, PhD, Senior Lecturer, School of Social Work; Steve Reid, MBChB, MFamMed, Associate Professor, Centre for Rural Health; all at University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Health Systems Trust, Durban, South Africa. Correspondence to Dr. Uys, School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa. E-mail: uys@ukzn.ac.za
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Abstract

Purpose:To evaluate the effect of training in two different supervisory models on the supervision itself, the quality of care, and job satisfaction of nurses in different service settings in a district health service (DHS) in South Africa.

Design:As part of a larger health systems study, the results of supervision training were evaluated. The quantitative study was done in three health districts in South Africa.

Methods:The modified matrix (MM) model of supervision was taught and implemented in District A, the Centre for Health and Social Studies (CHESS) model in District B, and the control was District C. Checklists based on direct observation and record reviews were used to measure quality of care (quality of hand-over between shifts, nursing records, management of chronic diseases, and implementation of universal precautions). Questionnaires were used to measure perception of supervision and patient satisfaction. Chi-square analysis was done.

Findings and conclusions:Supervision ratings before and after the interventions differed significantly in the total sample, but not by district. In the district with the MM model, care for people with chronic diseases improved significantly, but other measures did not. The supervision training had some influence, but more measures of effectiveness of supervision training are needed.

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