Genomics and Cardiovascular Disease
Article first published online: 10 NOV 2005
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 37, Issue 4, pages 315–321, December 2005
How to Cite
Frazier, L., Johnson, R. L. and Sparks, E. (2005), Genomics and Cardiovascular Disease. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 37: 315–321. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2005.00055.x
- Issue published online: 10 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 10 NOV 2005
- Accepted for publication May 3, 2005.
- cardiovascular disease;
Purpose: To describe genetic knowledge and discovery in the area of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to discuss how these new advances will influence the clinical care of affected people.
Organizing Framework: A selective review of the literature is presented on the disease mechanism of both the Mendelian and multifactorial genetic cardiovascular conditions. A case study approach is used to illustrate how the genetic paradigm affects the healthcare experience of a family affected with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Findings: The current state of CVD treatment remains complex. An understanding of genomic concepts and a genome-based approach is necessary to determine: (a) the risk of CVD susceptibility beyond traditional risk factors; (b) early detection of illness; (c) response to treatment; and (d) molecular taxonomy of the disease.
Conclusions: The results of genetic research, education, and teaching will lead to a new understanding of genes and pathways, resulting in powerful new therapeutic approaches to CVD. The challenge is to translate genetic discoveries into clinical practice that ultimately leads to preventing CVD and reducing mortality.