Genomics, Nutrition, Obesity, and Diabetes
Version of Record online: 13 FEB 2006
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 38, Issue 1, pages 11–18, March 2006
How to Cite
Johnson, R. L., Williams, S. M. and Spruill, I. J. (2006), Genomics, Nutrition, Obesity, and Diabetes. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 38: 11–18. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2006.00071.x
- Issue online: 13 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 13 FEB 2006
- Accepted for publication June 20, 2005.
Purpose: To present evidence of genetic and environmental interactions as they relate to nutrition, diabetes, and obesity.
Methods: A review of seminal literature related to genetics, obesity, and diabetes.
Findings: Multifactorial interactions are important in the development of nutrition-related disorders, but the challenge remains to explain how these interactions are expressed. Treating subpopulations of people might be important and useful to some extent at present, but in the future treating people of given genetic predispositions and other personal and environmental factors will have greater effects on quality-of-life indicators and life expectancies.
Conclusions: Individualization coupled with multifactorial interactions will lead to new and more effective preventive and treatment modalities of nutrition-related disorders. With obesity and diabetes, genomics will bridge the traditional use of diet, exercise, and weight reduction with other environmental factors, ultimately leading to healthier lives.