Factors Associated With Work Satisfaction of Registered Nurses

Authors

  • Christine Kovner,

    1. Christine Kovner, RN, PhD, Upsilon, Professor, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City; Carol Brewer, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Yow-Wu Wu, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Ying Cheng, MA, Doctoral Candidate; all at University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; Miho Suzuki, RN, MSN, Upsilon, Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City. This manuscript was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Grant R01HS01132002. The authors of this article are responsible for its contents. No statement in this article should be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Correspondence to Dr. Kovner, College of Nursing, New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 618E, New York, NY 10003. E-mail: ctk1@nyu.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Carol Brewer,

    1. Christine Kovner, RN, PhD, Upsilon, Professor, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City; Carol Brewer, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Yow-Wu Wu, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Ying Cheng, MA, Doctoral Candidate; all at University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; Miho Suzuki, RN, MSN, Upsilon, Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City. This manuscript was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Grant R01HS01132002. The authors of this article are responsible for its contents. No statement in this article should be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Correspondence to Dr. Kovner, College of Nursing, New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 618E, New York, NY 10003. E-mail: ctk1@nyu.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yow-Wu Wu,

    1. Christine Kovner, RN, PhD, Upsilon, Professor, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City; Carol Brewer, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Yow-Wu Wu, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Ying Cheng, MA, Doctoral Candidate; all at University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; Miho Suzuki, RN, MSN, Upsilon, Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City. This manuscript was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Grant R01HS01132002. The authors of this article are responsible for its contents. No statement in this article should be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Correspondence to Dr. Kovner, College of Nursing, New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 618E, New York, NY 10003. E-mail: ctk1@nyu.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ying Cheng,

    1. Christine Kovner, RN, PhD, Upsilon, Professor, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City; Carol Brewer, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Yow-Wu Wu, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Ying Cheng, MA, Doctoral Candidate; all at University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; Miho Suzuki, RN, MSN, Upsilon, Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City. This manuscript was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Grant R01HS01132002. The authors of this article are responsible for its contents. No statement in this article should be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Correspondence to Dr. Kovner, College of Nursing, New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 618E, New York, NY 10003. E-mail: ctk1@nyu.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Miho Suzuki

    1. Christine Kovner, RN, PhD, Upsilon, Professor, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City; Carol Brewer, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Yow-Wu Wu, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Ying Cheng, MA, Doctoral Candidate; all at University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; Miho Suzuki, RN, MSN, Upsilon, Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, New York University, New York City. This manuscript was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Grant R01HS01132002. The authors of this article are responsible for its contents. No statement in this article should be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Correspondence to Dr. Kovner, College of Nursing, New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 618E, New York, NY 10003. E-mail: ctk1@nyu.edu
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the factors that influence the work satisfaction of a national sample of registered nurses in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).

Design: A cross-sectional mailed survey design was used. The sample consisted of RNs randomly selected from 40 MSAs in 29 states; 1,907 RNs responded (48%). The sample of 1,538 RNs working in nursing was used for analysis.

Methods: The questionnaire included measures of work attitudes and demographic characteristics. The data were analyzed using ordinary least-squares regression.

Findings: More than 40% of the variance in satisfaction was explained by the various work attitudes: supervisor support, work-group cohesion, variety of work, autonomy, organizational constraint, promotional opportunities, work and family conflict, and distributive justice. RNs who were White, self-perceived as healthy, and working in nursing education were more satisfied. RNs that were more career oriented were more satisfied. Of the benefits options, only paid time off was related to satisfaction.

Conclusions: Work-related factors were significantly related to RNs' work satisfaction.

Ancillary