Recruiting and Retaining Arab Muslim Mothers and Children for Research
Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2006
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 38, Issue 3, pages 255–261, September 2006
How to Cite
Aroian, K. J., Katz, A. and Kulwicki, A. (2006), Recruiting and Retaining Arab Muslim Mothers and Children for Research. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 38: 255–261. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2006.00111.x
- Issue online: 18 AUG 2006
- Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2006
- Accepted for publication February 28, 2006.
- sample recruitment
Purpose: To describe successful and not-so-successful strategies for recruiting and retaining Arab Muslim immigrant women and their adolescent children for research.
Design and Methods: A longitudinal study of mother-child adjustment of Arab immigrants to the US is used for illustration. A panel of experts was assembled and provided culturally specific advice about gatekeepers, advertising, data collectors, data collection, and how to track and encourage participation at subsequent time points in the study.
Findings: Most of the strategies recommended by the panel were overwhelmingly positive, including advice about data collectors, how to collect data, financial incentives, avoiding offending families, and personal contacts. Hiring data collectors who were able to establish personal and culturally appropriate relationships with study participants was the single most successful recruitment and retention strategy. Advice from cultural experts about which gatekeepers to engage and how to advertise for study participants was not productive.
Conclusions: Researchers should not only assemble a panel of cultural experts to provide advice about group specific strategies to build trust and maintain cultural sensitivity, but also to budget generously for time for data collectors to build and maintain rapport with study populations who, like Arab immigrant women, highly value personal relationships.