Purpose: To describe the characteristics of dignified dying and other terminology nurses used to describe this phenomenon in Ethiopia, India, Kenya, and the United States (US).
Design: A cross-sectional descriptive survey with a convenience sample of nurses who cared for dying patients in Ethiopia (n=14), India (n=229), Kenya (n=36), and the US (n=281). Data were collected between 2002 and 2004.
Methods: Nurses were recruited to complete the ICNP® Dignified Dying survey, which consists of demographic information, 2 open-ended questions, and 14 questions about characteristics of dignified dying.
Findings: The 14 characteristics on the dignified dying scale reliably measured dignified dying, with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .91. All characteristics were rated as representative of dignified dying, with content validity scores ranging from .62 to .77. Factor analysis yielded a two-factor solution, which accounted for 53% of the variance.
Conclusions: Findings of this study contribute to the ongoing development of the International Classification of Nursing Practice (ICNP®) regarding the nursing phenomenon of dignified dying. The ICNP®, a unified nursing language system, is used to promote and facilitate scholarly exchange among nurses across countries.