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Keywords:

  • Latino men;
  • reliability;
  • validity;
  • health control;
  • health competence;
  • health perception

Purpose: To test the reliability of two Spanish instruments to measure (a) health perceptions, and (b) health control and competence.

Design: Triangulated methodology used with two different Latino populations.

Methods: Preliminary qualitative data were collected in Mexico. Based on themes from Mexico, data were collected from 44 men (Dominican Republic, n=24; Peru, n=20) with two instruments, the Health Competence and Control Index and the Health Perception Index. Alpha reliability estimates were obtained.

Findings: Results of the study confirmed reliability of the instruments in one of the Latino populations, consistent with understanding of the constructs found in the Mexican study. Reliability was low in the second Latino population.

Conclusions: Although results from this study are useful, further translation and research procedures are needed to address the many differences among ethnically similar groups and to further strengthen internal and external validity of instruments designed to assess Latino men's perceptions of health and their control over health.