Conceptual Model of Symptom-Focused Diabetes Care for African Americans
Article first published online: 25 AUG 2008
© 2008 Sigma Theta Tau International
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 40, Issue 3, pages 261–267, September 2008
How to Cite
Skelly, A. H., Leeman, J., Carlson, J., Soward, A. C. and Burns, D. (2008), Conceptual Model of Symptom-Focused Diabetes Care for African Americans. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 40: 261–267. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2008.00236.x
- Issue published online: 25 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 25 AUG 2008
- Accepted for publication March 13, 2008.
- African American;
- diabetes mellitus;
Purpose: Development of a conceptual model and description of its use to guide the content and format of a community-based intervention.
Conceptual Model: We developed a symptom-focused model for type 2 diabetes for older African American women based on the UCSF symptom management model. Key concepts in this model are symptom experience, symptom management, and health outcomes.
Methods: Review of literature, intervention protocol.
Conclusions: The symptom-focused conceptual model is an innovative approach to tailoring care to a distinct population and to engaging participants in their own self-care.
Clinical Relevance: Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in African Americans; and diabetes self-management is the cornerstone of care. To better meet the distinct needs of diverse populations and positively affect health outcomes, new tailored approaches should be developed that are culturally sensitive and acceptable.