HEALTH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
Nurse Staffing Levels and Teamwork: A Cross-Sectional Study of Patient Care Units in Acute Care Hospitals
Article first published online: 4 JAN 2011
© 2011 Sigma Theta Tau International
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 43, Issue 1, pages 82–88, March 2011
How to Cite
Kalisch, B. J. and Lee, K. H. (2011), Nurse Staffing Levels and Teamwork: A Cross-Sectional Study of Patient Care Units in Acute Care Hospitals. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43: 82–88. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2010.01375.x
- Issue published online: 22 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 4 JAN 2011
- Accepted: September 16, 2010
Purpose: To determine if nurse staffing predicts teamwork.
Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive design with a sample of nursing staff (N= 2,545) on 52 patient care units in four hospitals was utilized.
Methods: The Nursing Teamwork Survey was utilized to collect data on the level of perceived nursing teamwork on each of the study units. In addition, nursing staffing data were collected for each study unit.
Findings: Higher levels of nurse staffing were related to better teamwork. Specifically, the greater the hours per patient day, the higher the level of overall teamwork on the unit (β= 0.417, p= .033). Also the greater the skill mix, the higher the level of overall teamwork on the unit (β= 0.436, p= .009).
Conclusions: Adequate levels of staffing are needed to ensure nursing teamwork.
Clinical Relevance: The ability to provide quality and safe care is associated with teamwork, which in turn requires adequate staffing.