The Meaning of Breast Cancer Risk for African American Women
Version of Record online: 18 JUL 2011
© 2011 Sigma Theta Tau International
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 43, Issue 3, pages 239–247, September 2011
How to Cite
Phillips, J. and Cohen, M. Z. (2011), The Meaning of Breast Cancer Risk for African American Women. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43: 239–247. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2011.01399.x
- Issue online: 26 AUG 2011
- Version of Record online: 18 JUL 2011
- Accepted February 26, 2011
- Breast cancer;
- young women;
- African American women;
Purpose: To describe African American women's experience of being at high risk for breast cancer.
Design: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was used to guide in-depth interviews and analysis. Methods to ensure trustworthiness and rigor were included.
Methods: Open interviews were conducted with 20 African American women who were at high risk for breast cancer (family history, personal history, genetic mutation). They were recruited from a cancer risk clinic and community-based settings. Data were transcribed verbatim, and themes were labeled among and between all interviews.
Findings: Five themes were identified: (a) life-changing experience; (b) relationships: fears, support, and concerns; (c) the healthcare experience; (d) raising awareness; and (e) strong faith.
Conclusions: Young women at high risk for breast cancer have unique emotional and support needs that are shaped by stage in life, relationships with significant others, their faith, and interactions with the healthcare delivery system.
Clinical Relevance: Breast cancer does occur in young women. This highlights the need for timely and sensitive approaches to care when young women present with breast health concerns or abnormal breast findings.