Current Trends in Nursing Theories

Authors

  • Eun-Ok Im PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN,

    1. Professor and Marjorie O. Rendell Endowed Professor in Healthy Nursing Transitions, School of Nursing, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
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  • Sun Ju Chang PhD, RN

    1. Visiting Scholar and Post-doctoral Researcher, School of Nursing, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
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Dr. Eun-Ok Im, School of Nursing, The University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd. Philadelphia, PA 19104. E-mail: eunim@nursing.upenn.edu

Abstract

Purpose: To explore current trends in nursing theories through an integrated literature review.

Organizing Construct and Methods: The literature related to nursing theories during the past 10 years was searched through multiple databases and reviewed to determine themes reflecting current trends in nursing theories.

Findings: The trends can be categorized into six themes: (a) foci on specifics; (b) coexistence of various types of theories; (c) close links to research; (d) international collaborative works; (e) integration to practice; and (f) selective evolution.

Conclusions: We need to make our continuous efforts to link research and practice to theories, to identify specifics of our theories, to develop diverse types of theories, and to conduct international collaborative works.

Clinical Relevance: Our paper gives implications for future theoretical development in diverse clinical areas of nursing research and practice.

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