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Keywords:

  • labor;
  • globalization;
  • modernity;
  • Turkey;
  • Middle East;
  • entrepreneur;
  • capitalism;
  • gender;
  • economy

ABSTRACT

Situating the Turkish carpet-weaving industry within the historical and political context of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this study concentrates on male carpet manufacturers in Konya, Turkey. It explores how their divergent and at times awkward articulations of successful entrepreneurship affect and are affected by local labor conditions and relationships. The efforts of carpet manufacturers to achieve entrepreneurial flexibility have both liberating and constraining effects, demonstrating that the meanings and practices some researchers ascribe to the market economy and flexibility cannot be understood if disengaged from the particulars of culture.