• Adorno, Theodor W. 1982 On the Fetish-Character in Music and the Regression of Listening. In The Essential Frankfurt School Reader. Andrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt, eds. Pp. 270299. New York : Continuum.
  • Agrama, Hussein Ali 2010 Ethics, Tradition, Authority: Toward an Anthropology of the Fatwa. American Ethnologist 37(1):218.
  • Ake, David 2002 Jazz ‘Traning: John Coltrane and the Conservatory. In Jazz Cultures. Pp. 112145. Berkeley : University of California Press.
  • Appadurai, Arjun 1986 Introduction: Commodities and the Politics of Value. In The Social Life of Things. Arjun Appadurai, ed. Pp. 363. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • Belgrad, Daniel 1998 The Culture of Spontaneity: Improvisation and the Arts in Postwar America. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press.
  • Benjamin, Walter 1969a The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. In Illuminations. Pp. 217251. New York : Schocken.
  • 1969b The Task of the Translator. In Illuminations. Pp. 6982. New York : Schocken.
  • Berliner, Paul 1994 Thinking in Jazz: The Infinite Art of Improvisation. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
  • Boas, Franz 1955 Primitive Art. London : Dover.
  • Boellstorff, Tom 2003 Dubbing Culture: Indonesian Gay and Lesbi Subjectivities and Ethnography in an Already Globalized World. American Ethnologist 30(2):225242.
  • 2008 Coming of Age in Second Life: An Anthropologist Explores the Virtually Human. Princeton : Princeton University Press.
  • Boon, Marcus 2010 In Praise of Copying. Cambridge , MA : Harvard University Press.
  • Briggs, Charles L., and Richard Bauman 1992 Genre, Intertextuality, and Social Power. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 2(2):131172.
  • Brubeck, Darius 2002 The Beginning of Beyond. In The Cambridge Companion to Jazz. Mervyn Cooke and David Horn, eds. Pp. 177201. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • Chevan, David 2002 Musical Literacy and Jazz Musicians in the 1910s and 1920s. Current Musicology 71–73:200231.
  • Chevigny, Paul 2005[1991] Gigs: Jazz and the Cabaret Laws in New York City. 2nd edition. New York : Routledge.
  • Chinen, Nate 2007 Jazz Is Alive and Well. In the Classroom, Anyway. New York Times, January 7., accessed April 6, 2010.
  • Deeb, Lara 2009 Emulating and/or Embodying the Ideal: The Gendering of Temporal Frameworks and Islamic Role Models in Shi'i Lebanon. American Ethnologist 36(2):242257.
  • DeVeaux, Scott 1997 The Birth of Bebop: A Social and Musical History. Berkeley : University of California Press.
  • Downey, Greg 2006 The Information Economy in No-Holds-Barred Fighting. In Frontiers of Capital: Ethnographic Reflections on the New Economy. Melissa S. Fisher and Greg Downey, eds. Pp. 108132. Durham , NC : Duke University Press.
  • Eisenlohr, Patrick 2010 Materialities of Entextualization: The Domestication of Sound Reproduction in Mauritian Muslim Devotional Practices. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 20(2):314333.
  • Espeland, Wendy N., and Mitchell L. Stevens 1998 Commensuration as a Social Process. Annual Review of Sociology 24:313343.
  • Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. 1988 The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African-American Literary Criticism. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Gioia, Ted 1989 Jazz and the Primitivist Myth. The Musical Quarterly 73:130143.
  • Handman, Courtney 2010 Events of Translation: Intertextuality and Christian Ethnotheologies of Change among Guhu-Samane, Papua New-Guinea. American Anthropologist 112(4):576588.
  • Hirschkind, Charles 2001 The Ethics of Listening: Cassette-Sermon Audition in Contemporary Egypt. American Ethnologist 28(3):623649.
  • 2006 The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York : Columbia University Press.
  • Ingold, Tim, and Elizabeth Hallam 2007 Creativity and Cultural Improvisation: An Introduction. In Creativity and Cultural Improvisation. Elizabeth Hallam and Tim Ingold, eds. Pp. 124. Oxford : Berg.
  • Jeffri, Joan 2003 Changing the Beat: A Study of the Worklife of Jazz Musicians. NEA Research Division Report #42.
  • Kant, Immanuel 2008[1790] Critique of the Power of Judgment. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • Kopytoff, Igor 1986 The Cultural Biography of Things: Commoditization as Process. In The Social Life of Things. Arjun Appadurai, ed. Pp. 6494. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • Laing, Dave 2002 The Jazz Market. In The Cambridge Companion to Jazz. Mervyn Cooke and David Horn, eds. Pp. 321331. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • Lavie, Smadar, Kirin Narayan, and Renato Rosaldo 1993 Introduction: Creativity in Anthropology. In Creativity/Anthropology. Smadar Lavie, Kirin Narayan, and Renato Rosaldo, eds. Pp. 18. Ithaca : Cornell University Press.
  • Leach, James 2007 Creativity, Subjectivity, and the Dynamic of Possessive Individualism. In Creativity and Cultural Improvisation. Elizabeth Hallam and Tim Ingold, eds. Pp. 99116. Oxford : Berg.
  • Lopes, Paul 2002 The Rise of a Jazz Art World. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • Mahmood, Saba 2001 Rehearsed Spontaneity and the Conventionality of Ritual: Disciplines of Ṡalāt. American Ethnologist 28(4):827853.
  • Mauss, Marcel 1973 Techniques of the Body. Economy and Society 2(1):7088.
  • McDaniel, William T. 1993 The Status of Jazz Education in the 1990s: A Historical Commentary. International Jazz Archives Journal 1:114139.
  • Miller, Kiri 2009 Schizophonic Performance: Guitar Hero, Rock Band, and Virtual Virtuosity. Journal of the Society for American Music 3(4):395429.
  • Monson, Ingrid 1994 Doubleness and Jazz Improvisation: Irony, Parody, and Ethnomusicology. Critical Inquiry 20(2):283313.
  • 1996 Saying Something: Jazz Improvisation and Interaction. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
  • 1999 Riffs, Repetition, and Theories of Globalization. Ethnomusicology 43(1):3165.
  • Myers, Fred 2002 Introduction: The Empire of Things. In The Empire of Things. Fred Myers, ed. Pp. 364. Santa Fe : School of American Research Press.
  • Nettelbeck, Colin 2004 Dancing with de Beauvoir: Jazz and the French. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press.
  • Nettl, Bruno, ed. 1998 In the Course of Performance: Studies in the World of Musical Improvisation. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
  • Ogren, Kathy J. 1989 The Jazz Revolution: Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz. New York : Oxford University Press.
  • Peirce, Charles Sanders 1998 Sundry Logical Conceptions. In The Essential Peirce: Selected Philosophical Writings, Vol. 2. Pp. 267288. Bloomington : Indiana University Press.
  • Prouty, Kenneth E. 2006 Orality, Literacy, and Mediating Musical Experience: Rethinking Oral Tradition in the Learning of Jazz Improvisation. Popular Music and Society 29(3):317334.
  • Rosenthal, David H. 1992 Hard Bop: Jazz and Black Music, 1955–1965. New York : Oxford University Press.
  • Sawyer, Keith 1996 The Semiotics of Improvisation: The Pragmatics of Musical and Verbal Performance. Semiotica 108(3–4):269306.
  • Schiller, Friedrich 1982 [1794] On the Aesthetic Education of Man. Elizabeth M. Wilkinson and L. A. Willoughby, trans. Oxford : Clarendon.
  • Silverstein, Michael 2004 “Cultural” Concepts and the Language-Culture Nexus. Current Anthropology 45(5):621645.
  • Snead, James 1981 On Repetition in Black Culture. Black American Literature Forum 15(4):146154.
  • Solis, Gabriel, and Bruno Nettl, eds. 2009 Musical Improvisation: Art, Education, and Society. Urbana : University of Illinois Press.
  • Taussig, Michael 1993 Mimesis and Alterity: A Particular History of the Senses. New York : Routledge.
  • Taylor, Charles 1989 Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge : Harvard University Press.
  • Trilling, Lionel 1972 Sincerity and Authenticity. Cambridge : Harvard University Press.
  • Turner, Victor 1967 Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in Rites of Passage. In The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Pp. 93111. Ithaca : Cornell University Press.
  • Urban, Greg 2001 Metaculture: How Culture Moves through the World. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press.
  • Vann, Elizabeth F. 2006 The Limits of Authenticity in Vietnamese Consumer Markets. American Anthropologist 108(2):286296.
  • Weber, Max 1978 Charisma and Its Transformations. In Economy and Society. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich, eds. Pp. 11111157. Berkeley : University of California Press.
  • Weidman, Amanda J. 2003 Guru and Gramophone: Fantasies of Fidelity and Modern Technologies of the Real. Public Culture 15(3):453476.
  • Weiner, Annette B. 1992 Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping while Giving. Berkeley : University of California Press.
  • Wilf, Eitan 2010 Swinging within the Iron Cage: Modernity, Creativity, and Embodied Practice in American Postsecondary Jazz Education. American Ethnologist 37(3):563582.
  • 2011 Sincerity versus Self-Expression: Modern Creative Agency and the Materiality of Semiotic Forms. Cultural Anthropology 26(3):462484.
  • Woodmansee, Martha 1996 Genius and the Copyright. In The Author, Art, and the Market: Rereading the History of Aesthetics. Pp. 3556. New York : Columbia University Press.
  • Young, Edward 1759 Conjectures on Original Composition. London : Miller.



(These selections were made by the American Anthropologist editorial interns as examples of research related in some way to this article. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the author.)