Financial support for this research came from the National Science Foundation, Human and Social Dynamics Program, Grant #0527511, and from the U.S. Agency for International Development, Latin America and Caribbean Program in Environment, Cooperative Agreements RLA-A-00–06–00071–00 and 512-A-00–08–00003–00. We are coordinators of the socioeconomic component of the NSF grant and thank the students and other collaborators who contributed to the community-survey fieldwork and data entry in Madre de Dios, Peru (Angélica Almeyda, Mercedes Perales Yabar, Wendy Cueva Cueto, Rosmery Chacacanta Niño de Guzman, Eder Nicanor Chulla Pfuro, Boris Arguedas, Yeni Franco Solano, Erika Quispe Ruiz, Andrea Chávez, Rosa Cossío, Rafael Rojas); Acre, Brazil (Adão Costa Silva, Jeff Hoelle, Karla Rocha, Jesus Melo, Vera Gurgel); and Pando, Bolivia (Ioav Rojas Camacho, Israel Puerta, Kelly Biedenweg, Dave Elliott, Alexander Shenkin). For logistical support we thank Veronica Passos, Bertha Ikeda, and Daniel Rojas. For helpful suggestions we thank Julio Rojas, Frank P. de la Barra, Amy Duchelle, Valerio Gomes, and Jackie Vadjunec.
Global Economic Integration and Local Community Resilience: Road Paving and Rural Demographic Change in the Southwestern Amazon
Article first published online: 1 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2010, by the Rural Sociological Society
Volume 75, Issue 2, pages 300–325, June 2010
How to Cite
Perz, S. G., Cabrera, L., Carvalho, L. A., Castillo, J. and Barnes, G. (2010), Global Economic Integration and Local Community Resilience: Road Paving and Rural Demographic Change in the Southwestern Amazon. Rural Sociology, 75: 300–325. doi: 10.1111/j.1549-0831.2009.00008.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 1 FEB 2010
Recent years have witnessed an expansion in international investment in large-scale infrastructure projects with the goal of achieving global economic integration. We focus on one such project, the Inter-Oceanic Highway in the “MAP” region, a trinational frontier where Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru meet in the southwestern Amazon. We adopt a resilience approach as an integrative framework to understand various types of road-paving impacts. We focus on migration activity as an indicator of retention of collective memory, a concept associated with resilience. We pursue a comparative analysis of the three sides of the MAP frontier as well as subregions within each side. Since road paving may be mediated by other factors, we distinguish among the effects of multiple explanatory factors. Data come from a multinational survey of rural communities. The findings show considerable net migration and turnover, both indicative of eroding collective memory and a lack of demographic resilience to externally induced change in the MAP frontier. The findings indicate variation across the frontier, which road paving helps explain, along with some of the mediating factors. These findings contribute to the literature on the impacts of new infrastructure and integration as well as the study of social-ecological resilience.