The authors would like to thank a countless number of individuals who provided helpful comments to improve this manuscript. We offer a special thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments. We would also like to offer our sincere gratitude to Douglas Massey, the members of the Mexican Migration Project, Rogelio Saenz, Dudley Poston, Zulema Valdez, Eugenia Conde, and to many of the members of the Sociology department at Texas A&M University for their valuable comments, their words of encouragement, and their solidarity throughout the review process.
Place of Origin, Types of Ties, and Support Networks in Mexico–U.S. Migration*
Article first published online: 5 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011, by the Rural Sociological Society
Volume 76, Issue 4, pages 481–510, December 2011
How to Cite
Flores-Yeffal, N. Y. and Aysa-Lastra, M. (2011), Place of Origin, Types of Ties, and Support Networks in Mexico–U.S. Migration. Rural Sociology, 76: 481–510. doi: 10.1111/j.1549-0831.2011.00060.x
- Issue published online: 5 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 5 DEC 2011
Previous studies explored how urban or rural place of origin influences the source of social capital. There remains a need to consider how the place of origin affects the type of ties—family, friends, or paisanos (countrymen)—with those who provide support to migrants. We use data from the Mexican Migration Project (MMP128) and perform multinomial logistic regression models to predict who (among family, friends, or paisanos) provides lodging to first-time undocumented male migrants from Mexico, taking into account the size of their place of origin. We find that paisanos are important in providing lodging to those from rural areas, and family members are more likely to assist those from urban settings. Paisanos are more likely to help at the beginning of the migratory flow of the community (rural or urban), and family members to do so once the flow has matured. Also, paisanos are more likely to help those in rural areas during more difficult times, such as after the enactment of the North American Free Trade Agreement. We suggest that paisanos fulfill a role similar to that in Granovetter's (1973) concept of the strength of weak ties in which they act as substitutes for other ties (such as to friends and family) to provide social capital, making the first-time undocumented migration possible.