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LITERATURE CITED

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  • Canning, E. U., Lom, J. & Dykova, I. 1986. The Microsporidia of Vertebrates. Academic, New York. 289 p.
  • Chen, Y. P., Evans, J. D., Smith, J. B. & Pettis, J. S. 2008. Nosema ceranae is a long-present and wide-spread microsporidian infection of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) in the United States. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 97:186188.
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  • Franzen, C. & Müller, A. 2001. Microsporidiosis: human diseases and diagnosis. Microbes Infect., 3:389400.
  • Fries, I. 1989. Observation on the development and transmission of Nosema apis Z. in the ventriculus of the honey bee. J. Api. Res., 28:107117.
  • Fries, I., Feng, F., Silva, A. D., Slemenda, S. B. & Pieniazek, N. J. 1996. Nosema ceranae n. sp. (Microspora, Nosematidae), morphological and molecular characterization of a microsporidian parasite of the Asian honey bee Apis cerana (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Eur. J. Protistol., 32:356365.
  • Fries, I., Martín, R., Meana, A., García-Palencia, P. & Higes, M. 2006. Natural infections of Nosema ceranae in European honey bees. J. Api. Res., 45:230233.
  • Fries, I., Ruijter, A. de, Paxton, R. J., Da Silva, A. J., Slemeda, S. B. & Pieniazek, N. J. 2001. Molecular characterization of Nosema bombi (Microsporidia: Nosematidae) and a note on its sites of infection in Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Api. Res., 40:9196.
  • Gutell, R. R., Noller, H. F. & Woese, C. R. 1986a. Higher order structure in ribosomal RNA. EMBO J., 5:11111113.
  • Gutell, R. R., Weiser, B., Woese, C. R. & Noller, H. F. 1986b. Comparative anatomy of 16S-like ribosomal RNA. Prog. Nucleic Acid Res. Mol. Biol., 32:155216.
  • Hassanein, M. H. 1953. The influence of Nosema apis on the larval honeybee. Ann. Appl. Biol., 38:844846.
  • Higes, M., Martín, R. & Meana, A. 2006. Nosema ceranae, a new microsporidian parasite in honey bees in Europe. J. Invert. Pathol., 92:9395.
  • Higes, M., García-Palencía, P., Martín-Hernαndez, R. & Meana, A. 2007. Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honeybees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia). J. Invertebr. Pathol., 94:211217.
  • Huang, W. F., Jiang, J. H., Chen, Y. W. & Wang, C. H. 2007. A Nosema ceranae isolate from the honeybee Apis mellifera. Apidologie, 38:3037.
  • Klee, J., Besana, A. M., Genersch, E., Gisder, S., Nanetti, A., Tam, D. Q., Chinh, T. X., Puerta, F., Ruz, J. M., Kryger, P., Message, D., Hatjina, F., Korpela, S., Fries, I. & Paxton, R. J. 2007. Widespread dispersal of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 96:110.
  • Larsson, R. 1986. Ultrastructure, function, and classification of microsporidia. In : Corliss, J. O. & Patterson, D. J. (ed.), Progress in Protistology. vol. 1. Biopress, Bristol, U.K., 325390.
  • Liu, T. P. 1984. Ultrastructure of the midgut of the worker honey Apis mellifera heavily infected with Nosema apis. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 44:103105.
  • Malone, L. A., Giacon, H. A. & Newton, M. R. 1995. Comparison of the responses of some New Zealand and Australian honey bees (Apis mellifera L) to Nosema apis Z. Apidologie, 26:495502.
  • Müller, A., Trammer, T., Chioralia, G., Seitz, H. M., Diehl, V. & Franzen, C. 2000. Ribosomal RNA of Nosema algerae and phylogenetic relationship to other microsporidia. Parasitol. Res., 86:1823.
  • Nagëli, K. W. 1857. Uber die neue Krankheit der Seidenraupe und verwandte Organismen. Bot. Z., 15:760761.
  • Rinderer, T. E. & Sylvester, H. A. 1978. Variation in response to Nosema apis, longevity, and hoarding behavior in a free-mating population of the honey bee. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 71:372374.
  • Sokolova, Y. Y., Kryukova, N. A., Glupov, V. V. & Fuxa, J. R. 2006. Systenostrema alba Larsson 1988 (Microsporidia, Thelohaniidae) in the dragonfly Aeshna viridis (Odonata, Aeshnidae) from South Siberia: morphology and molecular characterization. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 53:4957.
  • Sprague, V. 1978. Characterization and composition of the genus Nosema. Misc. Publ. Entomol. Soc. Am., 11:516.
  • Sprague, V. & Vavra, J. 1977. Systematics of the microsporidia. In : Bulla, L. A. & Cheng, T. C. (ed.), Comparative Pathobiology. Plenum, New York. p. 31335.
  • Wasson, K. & Peper, R. L. 2000. Mammalian microsporidiosis. Vet. Pathol., 37:113128.
  • Wittner, M. & Weiss, L. M. 1999. The Microsporidia and Microsporidosis. ASM Press, Washington, DC. 553 p.