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The Effect of Yttrium on Oxygen Grain-Boundary Transport in Polycrystalline Alumina Measured Using Ni Marker Particles

Authors

  • Huikai Cheng,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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    • *Member, The American Ceramic Society.

  • Shen J. Dillon,

    1. Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
    2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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    • *Member, The American Ceramic Society.

  • Hugo S. Caram,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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  • Jeffrey M. Rickman,

    1. Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
    2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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  • Helen M. Chan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
    2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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    • *Member, The American Ceramic Society.

  • Martin P. Harmer

    1. Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
    2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015
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    • *Member, The American Ceramic Society.


  • D. Clarke—contributing editor

  • This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research under grant number N00014-05-1-0232 and the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development under grant number C000007361.

†Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. e-mail: helen.chan@lehigh.edu

Abstract

The grain-boundary transport of oxygen in polycrystalline α-Al2O3 (undoped and 500 ppm Y3+-doped) was studied in the temperature regime of 1100°–1500°C by monitoring the oxidation of a fine, uniform dispersion of Ni marker particles (0.5 vol%). The annealing treatments were carried out in a high-purity O2 atmosphere (>99.5%). The Ni particles, which are visibly oxidized to nickel aluminate spinel, were used to determine the depth of oxygen penetration. The thickness of the reaction zone was measured as a function of heat-treatment time and temperature, and a comparison of the oxidation rate constants and activation energies for undoped and Y3+-doped alumina was made. The results indicate that the presence of Y3+ slows oxygen grain-boundary transport in alumina by a variable factor of from 15 to 3 in the temperature regime of 1100°–1500°C. The values of the activation energy for undoped and Y3+-doped alumina were determined to be 430±40 and 497±8 kJ/mol, respectively.

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