*Member, The American Ceramic Society.
Kinetic Studies of Mullite Synthesis from Alumina Nanoparticles and a Preceramic Polymer
Article first published online: 10 JUL 2008
© 2008 The American Ceramic Society
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume 91, Issue 8, pages 2529–2533, August 2008
How to Cite
Griggio, F., Bernardo, E., Colombo, P. and Messing, G. L. (2008), Kinetic Studies of Mullite Synthesis from Alumina Nanoparticles and a Preceramic Polymer. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 91: 2529–2533. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2008.02515.x
V. Sglavo—contributing editor
- Issue published online: 12 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 10 JUL 2008
- Manuscript No. 24022. Received November 27, 2007; approved April 23, 2008.
The crystallization kinetics of mullite formation in a diphasic precursor consisting of a silicone resin filled with commercial γ-alumina nanoparticles (15 nm mean particle size, specific surface area of 100 m2/g), heated in air from 1250° to 1350°C, was studied by X-ray diffraction. Transitional γ-alumina and amorphous silica from the pyrolysis of the preceramic polymer exhibited a remarkable reactivity, as demonstrated by a very low incubation time (from 500 s at 1250°C to 20 s at 1350°C), a high mullite yield (about 80 vol%, after 100 s at 1350°C), and a low activation energy for nucleation (677±60 kJ/mol). The activation energy values found were lower than those reported previously for other diphasic systems, including sol–gel precursors. Besides the high specific surface of nanosized γ-alumina particles, the low energy barrier could be attributed to the highly reactive silica deriving from the oxidation of Si–CH3 bonds in the silicone and to the homogeneous dispersion of the nanosized filler inside the preceramic polymer. Furthermore, the possibility of applying plastic shaping processing methods to the mixture of a preceramic polymer and nanosized filler makes this approach particularly valuable, in comparison, for instance, with sol–gel based alternatives.