A. Bandyopadhyay—contributing editor
Morphologically Textured Mullite in Sintered Tape-Cast Kaolin
Article first published online: 2 NOV 2010
© 2010 The American Ceramic Society
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume 94, Issue 3, pages 938–944, March 2011
How to Cite
Yang, K.-H., Wu, J.-H., Hsi, C.-S. and Lu, H.-Y. (2011), Morphologically Textured Mullite in Sintered Tape-Cast Kaolin. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 94: 938–944. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2010.04172.x
This work was supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan through NSC-97-2221-E-110-012-MY3.
- Issue published online: 11 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 2 NOV 2010
- Manuscript No. 28114. Received June 1, 2010; approved September 8, 2010.
A commercial Malaysian kaolin powder made into an aqueous slurry was cast into green tapes ∼200 μm in thickness using the doctor-blade technique. A kaolinite (001)K(aolinite) texture was found on the green tapes using X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Subsequent sintering at 1600°C/1 h induces the preferred crystallographic orientations of (100)M(ullite), (110)M, (120)M, and (210)M in the mullite crystals thus formed by vitrification, as determined using electron backscatter diffraction. A nonunique orientation was observed on these crystals, suggesting that the texture is morphological with the c-axis, i.e., M lying parallel to the sample surface, rather than crystallographical. An additional preferred orientation on (100)M, a forbidden reflection of the systematic absence from XRD is detected using pole figure. Kaolin is vitrified at 1600°C into mullite when the texture is developed, and sintering is initially facilitated by an SiO2–Al2O3 liquid formed at >1260°C, the eutectic temperature of metastable equilibrium. Further densification is promoted by additional particle rearrangement in an SiO2–mullite liquid formed at >1587°C, the stable equilibrium eutectic temperature. Alumina used as a substrate for the kaolin sintering does not play a significant role in developing the mullite morphological texture.