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High-Permittivity and Low-Loss Microwave Dielectric Ceramics Based on (x)RE(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3–(1−x)CaTiO3 (RE=La and Nd)


  • D. W. Johnson—contributing editor

  • This work was supported financially by EPSRC.

†Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. e-mail:


Compositions based on REZn1/2Ti1/2O3–CaTiO3 (RE=La and Nd), suitable for microwave (MW) applications have been developed by systematically doping the perovskite B site with Ta2O5, Al2O3, and MgO in order to tune the temperature coefficient of the resonant frequency (τf) and improve the MW quality factor (Q ×fr) Optimized compositions, 0.45La(Zn0.395Ti0.385Ta0.01Al0.21)O3–0.55CaTiO3 (LZT-CT) and 0.32Nd(Zn0.45Mg0.05Ti0.5)O3–0.10NdAlO3–0.58CaTiO3 (NZT-CT) were prepared by solid-state reaction and have been characterized. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy revealed that both compositions were single phase with a bulk microstructure composed of equiaxed grains (∼10 μm). Electron diffraction and XRD demonstrated that, at room temperature, LZT-CT and NZT-CT were orthorhombic with space group Pnma, consistent with an aac+ tilt system. Diffraction contrast transmission electron microscopy revealed a complex domain structure consisting of ferroelastic and antiphase domain boundaries. LZT-CT and NZT-CT had zero τf, ɛr=49 and 44, Q×fr=29 600 GHz (at 1.957 GHz), and 32 200 GHz (at 1.971 GHz), respectively.

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