Member, American Ceramic Society.
Local Structure of Cerium in Aluminophosphate and Silicophosphate Glasses
Article first published online: 25 MAY 2011
© 2011 The American Ceramic Society
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume 94, Issue 8, pages 2442–2451, August 2011
How to Cite
Rygel, J. L., Chen, Y., Pantano, C. G., Shibata, T., Du, J., Kokou, L., Woodman, R., Belcher, J. (2011), Local Structure of Cerium in Aluminophosphate and Silicophosphate Glasses. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 94: 2442–2451. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.04596.x
Fellow, American Ceramic Society.
Presented in part at the 2010 Glass & Optical Materials Division Annual Meeting, Corning, NY, May 18, 2010 (Paper No.GOMD-SV-017-2010).
- Issue published online: 9 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 25 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 8 OCT 2010
- Air Force Research Laboratory SBIR Phase II
- NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
- Department of Energy and the MRCAT member institutions
The local structure of cerium in two systematic compositional series of glasses, nominally CeP3O9–AlP3O9 and CeP3O9–SiP2O7, was interrogated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. XPS revealed that, for glasses melted in air, ≥95% of cerium ions are Ce3+. This was independently confirmed using X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES). Ce K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) has been used to determine the local structure of Ce3+. Near the metaphosphate composition, cerium was found to have an average cerium coordination number of ~7.0 and an average cerium-oxygen bond length of 2.41 Å. The average cerium coordination number and average cerium-oxygen bond distance were found to increase with decreasing cerium concentration in both compositional series. Rare-earth clustering is suggested based on numerical calculations for glasses containing ≥14 and ≥15 mol% Ce2O3 for the aluminophosphate and silicophosphate series, respectively.