Get access

Investigation of Ternary System PbHfO3PbTiO3Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 with Morphotropic Phase Boundary Compositions

Authors

  • Dawei Wang,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
    2. Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Maosheng Cao,

    Corresponding author
    • School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Shujun Zhang

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
    • School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
    Search for more papers by this author

Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed. e-mails: soz1@psu.edu and caomaosheng@bit.edu.cn

Abstract

Ternary system, (1−x)Pb(Hf1−yTiy)O3xPb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (x = 0–0.5, y = 0.45–0.70) was prepared using two-step precursor method. The phase structure, dielectric, piezoelectric, and ferroelectric properties of the ceramics near morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) have been investigated systematically. On the basis of the results of X-ray powder diffraction and dielectric-temperature measurement, the MPB region and isothermal map of Curie temperature (TC) for the ternary system were obtained. The optimum piezoelectric and electromechanical properties were achieved in the MPB composition 0.8Pb(Hf0.445Ti0.555)O3–0.2Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3, with piezoelectric d33 being on the order of 680 pC/N, while the maximum high-field piezoelectric d33* of 780 pm/V was observed for 0.82Pb(Hf0.445Ti0.555)O3–0.18Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 with tetragonal composition, due to the high extrinsic contribution induced by domain wall motion. In addition, the fracture toughness KIC and flexural strength σf were measured and found to be 1.2 MPa·m1/2 and 71.4 MPa, respectively, comparable to PZT-based ceramics.

Ancillary