The effect of the addition of NiO on the crystallization mechanisms has been studied for SiO2–Al2O3–MgO glass-ceramics. A detailed Rietveld analysis has been made to determine the chemical composition and the cation distribution in the spinel phase and the evolution of Ni2+ coordination site using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show the formation of β-quartz and spinel and the nickel fraction in the spinel phase decreasing as the plateau temperature increases. The determination of cation distribution in spinel using XRD reveals a preference of Ni2+ and Al3+ for octahedral sites and an increasing proportion of Ni2+ in tetrahedral sites for heat treatments at high temperature (1100°C–1200°C). Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy shows that Ni2+ is mainly fivefold coordinated in the starting glass, playing an important role in the crystallization of the spinel phase and it confirms the presence of tetrahedral and octahedral Ni2+ in the glass-ceramics. The combination of these two techniques also indicates a chemical heterogeneity of spinel crystals with Ni2+-rich and Mg2+-rich zones.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.