Fellow, The American Ceramic Society.
Mechanism of Intrinsic Point Defects and Oxygen Diffusion in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet: First-Principles Investigation
Article first published online: 18 SEP 2012
© 2012 The American Ceramic Society
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume 95, Issue 11, pages 3628–3633, November 2012
How to Cite
Li, Z., Liu, B., Wang, J., Sun, L., Wang, J., Zhou, Y. (2012), Mechanism of Intrinsic Point Defects and Oxygen Diffusion in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet: First-Principles Investigation. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 95: 3628–3633. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05440.x
- Issue published online: 2 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 18 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 30 SEP 2011
- Natural Sciences Foundation of China. Grant Numbers: 50672102, 50832008, 51032006
Formation of intrinsic point defect in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) is comprehensively investigated using first-principles calculations. We showed that the defect formation energies of intrinsic point defects closely depend on the possible values of chemical potentials of Y, Al, and O. Both YAl16(a) anti-site defect, oxygen vacancy VO, and interstitial Oi might be the preferred defect species when chemical potentials of Y, Al, and O vary in different areas. The O-related defects are also important intrinsic point defects in YAG and deserve to be further examined. The oxygen self-diffusion are investigated and we found that energy barrier of oxygen diffusion is enhanced and decreased by neighboring YAl16(a) and AlY anti-site defects, respectively. The results are used to explain the mechanism of experimental observations that Al2O3 excess speeds up oxygen diffusion and that Y2O3 excess suppresses oxygen diffusion in YAG.