At the Intersection of Social and Cognitive Development: Internal Working Models of Attachment in Infancy
Article first published online: 6 JUL 2010
Copyright © 2010 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Special Issue: 2009 Rumelhart Prize Special Issue Honoring Susan Carey
Volume 34, Issue 5, pages 807–825, July 2010
How to Cite
Johnson, S. C., Dweck, C. S., Chen, F. S., Stern, H. L., Ok, S.-J. and Barth, M. (2010), At the Intersection of Social and Cognitive Development: Internal Working Models of Attachment in Infancy. Cognitive Science, 34: 807–825. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01112.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUL 2010
- Article first published online: 6 JUL 2010
- Received 3 June 2009; received in revised form 7 May 2010; accepted 10 May 2010
- Internal working models;
- Infant cognition;
- Individual differences
Three visual habituation studies using abstract animations tested the claim that infants’ attachment behavior in the Strange Situation procedure corresponds to their expectations about caregiver–infant interactions. Three unique patterns of expectations were revealed. Securely attached infants expected infants to seek comfort from caregivers and expected caregivers to provide comfort. Insecure-resistant infants not only expected infants to seek comfort from caregivers but also expected caregivers to withhold comfort. Insecure-avoidant infants expected infants to avoid seeking comfort from caregivers and expected caregivers to withhold comfort. These data support Bowlby’s (1958) original claims—that infants form internal working models of attachment that are expressed in infants’ own behavior.