• Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Baillargeon, R. (2004). Infants’ reasoning about hidden objects: Evidence for event-general and event-specific expectations. Developmental Science, 7(4), 391414.
  • Van Den Boom, D. C. (1994). The influence of temperament and mothering on attachment and exploration: An experimental manipulation of sensitive responsiveness among lower class mothers with irritable infants. Child Development, 65, 14571477.
  • Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child’s ties to his mother. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39, 350.
  • Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment. New York: Basic Books (original work published 1969).
  • Bretherton, I. (2005). In pursuit of the internal working model construct and its relevance to attachment relationships. In K. E.Grossman, K.Grossman, & E.Waters (Eds.), Attachment from infancy to adulthood: The major longitudinal studies (pp. 1347). New York: Guildford Press.
  • Bretherton, I., Ridgeway, D., & Cassidy, J. (1990). Story completion task to assess young children’s internal working models of child and parents in the attachment relationship. In M. T.Greenberg, D.Cichettim, & E. M.Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and intervention (pp. 300308). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Carey, S. (2008). The origin of concepts. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (2008). Handbook of attachment, second edition: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York: Guildford Press.
  • Craik, K. (1943). The nature of explanation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • De Wolff, M. S., & Van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (1997). Sensitivity and attachment: A meta-analysis on parental antecedents of infant attachment. Child Development, 68(4), 571591.
  • Fox, N. A., Kimmerly, N. L., & Schafer, W. D. (1991). Attachment to mother/attachment to father: A meta-analysis. Child Development, 62, 210225.
  • Ge, X., Conger, R., Cadoret, R., Neiderhiser, J., Yates, W., Troughton, E, & Stewart, M. A. (1996). The developmental interface between nature and nurture: A mutual influence model of child antisocial behavior and parent behavior. Developmental Psychology, 32, 574589.
  • Gergely, G., Nádasdy, Z., Csibra, G., & Bíró, S. (1995). Taking the intentional stance at 12 months of age. Cognition, 56, 165193.
  • Hamlin, J. K., Wynn, K., & Bloom, P. (2007). Social evaluation in preverbal infants. Nature, 450(7169), 557559.
  • Harlow, H. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 673685.
  • Hinde, R. A., Thorpe, W. N., & Vince, M. A. (1956). The following response of young coots and moorhens. Behavior, 9, 214242.
  • Johnson, S. C. (2003). Detecting agents. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B: Biological Sciences, 358, 549559.
  • Johnson, S. C., Dweck, F. S., & Chen, F. S. (2007). Evidence for infants’ internal working models of attachment. Psychological Science, 18(6), 501502.
    Direct Link:
  • Kagan, J. (1984). The nature of the child. New York: Basic Books.
  • Kuhlmeier, V. A., Wynn, K., & Bloom, P. (2003). Attribution of dispositional states by 12-month-olds. Psychological Science, 14, 402408.
    Direct Link:
  • Lorenz, K. Z. (1950). The comparative method in studying innate behavior patterns. Physiological Mechanisms in Animal Behaviour No. IV of Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  • Main, M., Kaplan, K., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood and adult: A move to the level of representation. In I.Bretherton & E.Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(Serial No. 209), 66104.
  • Piaget, J. (1954). The child’s construction of reality (Margaret Cook, trans.). New York: Basic Books (original work published 1937).
  • Pinto, J. P. (1996). XHAB: Experimental control software for MS-DOS (Version 6.5). Palo Alto, CA: author.
  • Rothbart, M. K. (1981). Measure of temperament in infancy. Child Development, 52, 3786.
  • Spelke, E. S. (1985). Preferential looking methods as tools for the study of cognition in infancy. In G.Gottlieb & N.Krasnegor (Eds.), Measurement of audition and vision in the first year of postnatal life (pp. 323363). Norword, NJ: Ablex.
  • Spelke, E. S. (1991). Physical knowledge in infancy: Reflections on Piaget’s theory. In S.Carey & R.Gelman (Eds.), The epigenesis of mind: Essays on biology and cognition (pp. 133169). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Thomas, A., & Chess, S. (1977). Temperament and development. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
  • Vaughn, B. E., & Bost, K. K. (1999). Attachment and temperament: Redundant, independent, or interacting influences on interpersonal adaptation and personality development? In J.Cassidy & P. R.Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 198225). New York: Guilford.
  • Waters, E., & Deane, K. E. (1985). Defining and assessing individual differences in attachment relationships: Q-Methodology and the organization of behavior in infancy and early childhood. In I.Bretherton & E.Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 50(Serial No. 209), 4165.
  • Woodward, A. L. (1998). Infants selectively encode the goal object of an actor’s reach. Cognition, 69, 134.
  • Wynn, K. (1995). Infants possess a system of numerical knowledge. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4(6), 172177.
    Direct Link:
  • Xu, F., Spelke, E. S., & Goddard, S. (2005). Number sense in human infants. Developmental Science, 8(1), 88101.