BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
The combination of phase demodulation and field mapping is a practical method to correct echo planar imaging (EPI) geometric distortion. However, since phase dispersion accumulates in each phase-encoding step, the calculation complexity of phase modulation is Ny-fold higher than conventional image reconstructions. Thus, correcting EPI images via phase demodulation is generally a time-consuming task.
Parallel computing by employing general-purpose calculations on graphics processing units (GPU) can accelerate scientific computing if the algorithm is parallelized. This study proposes a method that incorporates the GPU-based technique into phase demodulation calculations to reduce computation time. The proposed parallel algorithm was applied to a PROPELLER-EPI diffusion tensor data set.
The GPU-based phase demodulation method reduced the EPI distortion correctly, and accelerated the computation. The total reconstruction time of the 16-slice PROPELLER-EPI diffusion tensor images with matrix size of 128 × 128 was reduced from 1,754 seconds to 101 seconds by utilizing the parallelized 4-GPU program.
GPU computing is a promising method to accelerate EPI geometric correction. The resulting reduction in computation time of phase demodulation should accelerate postprocessing for studies performed with EPI, and should effectuate the PROPELLER-EPI technique for clinical practice.