Second Stage Labor: What Is Normal?
Article first published online: 4 AUG 2006
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 101–106, March 1985
How to Cite
McKAY, S. and ROBERTS, J. (1985), Second Stage Labor: What Is Normal?. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 14: 101–106. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.1985.tb02212.x
- Issue published online: 4 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 4 AUG 2006
- Submitted: August 1983. Revised: December 1983. Accepted: January 1984.
Traditional management of second stage labor has come under scrutiny because of improved understanding of what normally occurs when second stage labor is allowed to proceed of its own accord without direction from birth attendants. When women bear down spontaneously as they feel the urge to push, either holding their breath briefly or with short exhalation of air, normal maternal and fetal physiological status is maintained and second stage labor does not appear to be lengthened. Using a variety of maternal positions during second stage labor can optimize physiologic functioning and increase maternal comfort.